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18F-labeling and evaluation of novel MDL 100907 derivatives as potential 5-HT2A antagonists for molecular imaging

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • Fabian Debus
  • Herth, Matthias Manfred
  • Markus Piel
  • Hans-Georg Buchholz
  • Nicole Bausbacher
  • Vasko Kramer
  • Hartmut Lüddens
  • Frank Rösch

INTRODUCTION: The serotonergic system, especially the 5-HT2A receptor, is involved in various diseases and conditions. It is a very interesting target for medicinal applications.

METHODS: Two novel 5-HT2A tracers, namely, [(18)F]DD-1 and the enantiomeric pure (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ, were radiolabeled by (18)F-fluoroalkylation of the corresponding desmethyl analogue. In vitro binding autoradiography on rat brain slices was performed to test the affinity and selectivity of these tracers. Moreover, first microPET experiments of (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ were carried out in Sprague-Dawley rats.

RESULTS: [(18)F]DD-1 (K(i)=3.23 nM) and (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ (K(i)=0.72 nM) were (18)F-fluoroalkylated by the secondary synthon [(18)F]FETos in a radiochemical yield (RCY) of >70%. The final formulation for both tracers took no longer than 100 min with an overall RCY of approximately 40%. It provided [(18)F]tracers with a purity >96% and a typical specific activity of 25-35 GBq/mumol. Autoradiographic images of (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ (5) and [(18)F]DD-1 (4) showed excellent visualization and selectivity of the 5-HT2A receptor for (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ and less specific binding for [(18)F]DD-1. The binding potential (BP) of (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ was determined to be 2.6 in the frontal cortex and 2.2 in the cortex (n=4), whereas the cortex-to-cerebellum ratio was determined to be 3.2 at steady state (n=4). Cortex-to-cerebellum ratios of (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ were almost twice as much as compared with the racemic [(18)F]MH.MZ. Thereby, equal levels of specific activities were used. High uptake could be demonstrated in cortex regions.

CONCLUSION: Labeling of both novel tracers was carried out in high RCY. Autoradiography revealed (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ as a very selective and affine 5-HT2A tracer (K(i)=0.72 nM), whereas [(18)F]DD-1 showed no reasonable distribution pattern on autoradiographic sections. Moreover, results from microPET scans of (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ hint on improved molecular imaging characteristics compared with those of [(18)F]MH.MZ. Therefore, (R)-[(18)F]MH.MZ appears to be a highly potent and selective serotonergic PET ligand in small animals.

TidsskriftNuclear Medicine and Biology
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)487-95
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - maj 2010

ID: 130890718