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2-deoxy D-glucose prevents cell surface expression of NKG2D ligands through inhibition of N-linked glycosylation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

NKG2D ligand surface expression is important for immune recognition of stressed and neotransformed cells. In this study, we show that surface expression of MICA/B and other NKG2D ligands is dependent on N-linked glycosylation. The inhibitor of glycolysis and N-linked glycosylation, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG), potently inhibited surface expression of MICA/B after histone deacetylase inhibitor treatment; the inhibition occurred posttranscriptionally without affecting MICA promoter activity. Transient overexpression of MICA surface expression was also inhibited by 2DG. 2DG blocks N-linked glycosylation of MICA/B by a reversible mechanism that can be alleviated by addition of d-mannose; this does not, however, affect the inhibition of glycolysis. Addition of d-mannose restored MICA/B surface expression after 2DG treatment. In addition, specific pharmacological or small interfering RNA-mediated targeting of glycolytic enzymes did not affect MICA/B surface expression, strongly suggesting that N-linked glycosylation, and not glycolysis, is essential for MICA/B surface expression. Corroborating this, tunicamycin, a selective inhibitor of N-linked glycosylation, abolished MICA/B surface expression without compromising activation of MICA promoter activity. NK cell-mediated killing assay and staining with a recombinant NKG2D-Fc fusion protein showed that all functional NKG2D ligands induced by histone deacetylase inhibitor treatment were abolished by 2DG treatment and fully reconstituted by further addition of d-mannose. Our data suggest that posttranslational N-linked glycosylation is strictly required for NKG2D ligand surface expression. Cancer and infection often result in aberrant glycosylation, which could likely be involved in modulation of NKG2D ligand expression. Our data further imply that chemotherapeutic use of 2DG may restrict NKG2D ligand surface expression and inhibit secretion of immunoinhibitory soluble NKG2D ligands.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Immunology
Vol/bind188
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1847-1855
Antal sider9
ISSN0022-1767
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

ID: 37586821