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A free and simple computerized screening test for visual field defects

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About 30-40% of stroke patients suffer from visual field defects following injury. These can interfere with the standard neuropsychological assessment and complicate the interpretation of tests that use visual materials. However, information about the integrity of a patient's central visual field is often unavailable. We, therefore, designed a screening tool, the computerized visual field test (c-VFT), specifically targeted at providing easily available, but rough, information about patients' central visual field. c-VFT was tested in two samples of stroke patients. Eleven patients were tested on c-VFT and on the Esterman test. Five patients were tested on c-VFT and the Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer (HFA), central 10-2. Criterion validity of the c-VFT was investigated by calculating quadrantwise intraclass correlation for both comparisons. For the HFA comparison, we also calculated point-to-point intraclass correlation, sensitivity, and specificity. Analyses revealed moderately good correspondence between c-VFT and the Esterman test, and between c-VFT and HFA 10-2, respectively. When looking specifically at test points within one degree of visual angle apart in the two tests, intraclass correlation increased. For these points, the sensitivity of c-VFT was 0.89 and specificity was 0.97. While the c-VFT is not designed to be diagnostic nor to replace the detailed visual field analysis, this study shows that it provides a reasonable screening of the central visual field. The test can easily be used and will be made freely available to neuropsychological clinicians and researchers.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Vol/bind60
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)289-294
ISSN0036-5564
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5 jul. 2019

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