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A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients

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Standard

A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients. / Pringault, O.; de Wit, R.; Kühl, Michael.

I: Microbial Ecology, Bind 37, Nr. 3, 1999, s. 173-180.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Pringault, O, de Wit, R & Kühl, M 1999, 'A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients', Microbial Ecology, bind 37, nr. 3, s. 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002489900141

APA

Pringault, O., de Wit, R., & Kühl, M. (1999). A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients. Microbial Ecology, 37(3), 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002489900141

Vancouver

Pringault O, de Wit R, Kühl M. A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients. Microbial Ecology. 1999;37(3):173-180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002489900141

Author

Pringault, O. ; de Wit, R. ; Kühl, Michael. / A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients. I: Microbial Ecology. 1999 ; Bind 37, Nr. 3. s. 173-180.

Bibtex

@article{10d6260074c911dbbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients",
abstract = "The interaction between the purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina and the green sulfur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii was studied in a gradient chamber under a 16-hours light-8-hours dark regime. The effects of interaction were inferred by comparing the final outcome of a mixed culture experiment with those of the respective axenic cultures using the same inoculation densities and experimental conditions. Densities of bacteria were deduced from radiance microprofiles, and the chemical microenvironment was investigated with O2, H2S, and pH microelectrodes. P. aestuarii always formed a biofilm below the maximal oxygen penetration depth and its metabolism was strictly phototrophic. In contrast, T. roseopersicina formed a bilayer in both the mixed and the axenic culture. The top layer formed by the latter organism was exposed to oxygen, and chemotrophic sulfide oxidation took place during the dark periods, while the bottom layer grew phototrophically during the light periods only. In the mixed culture, the relative density of P. aestuarii was lower than in the axenic culture, which reflects the effects of the competition for sulfide. However, the relative density of T. roseopersicina was actually higher in the mixed culture than in the corresponding axenic culture, indicating a higher growth yield on sulfide in the mixed culture experiment. Several hypotheses are proposed to explain the effects of the interaction.",
author = "O. Pringault and {de Wit}, R. and Michael K{\"u}hl",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1007/s002489900141",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "173--180",
journal = "Microbial Ecology",
issn = "0095-3628",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Microsensor Study of the Interaction between Purple Sulfur and Green Sulfur Bacteria in Experimental Benthic Gradients

AU - Pringault, O.

AU - de Wit, R.

AU - Kühl, Michael

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The interaction between the purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina and the green sulfur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii was studied in a gradient chamber under a 16-hours light-8-hours dark regime. The effects of interaction were inferred by comparing the final outcome of a mixed culture experiment with those of the respective axenic cultures using the same inoculation densities and experimental conditions. Densities of bacteria were deduced from radiance microprofiles, and the chemical microenvironment was investigated with O2, H2S, and pH microelectrodes. P. aestuarii always formed a biofilm below the maximal oxygen penetration depth and its metabolism was strictly phototrophic. In contrast, T. roseopersicina formed a bilayer in both the mixed and the axenic culture. The top layer formed by the latter organism was exposed to oxygen, and chemotrophic sulfide oxidation took place during the dark periods, while the bottom layer grew phototrophically during the light periods only. In the mixed culture, the relative density of P. aestuarii was lower than in the axenic culture, which reflects the effects of the competition for sulfide. However, the relative density of T. roseopersicina was actually higher in the mixed culture than in the corresponding axenic culture, indicating a higher growth yield on sulfide in the mixed culture experiment. Several hypotheses are proposed to explain the effects of the interaction.

AB - The interaction between the purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina and the green sulfur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii was studied in a gradient chamber under a 16-hours light-8-hours dark regime. The effects of interaction were inferred by comparing the final outcome of a mixed culture experiment with those of the respective axenic cultures using the same inoculation densities and experimental conditions. Densities of bacteria were deduced from radiance microprofiles, and the chemical microenvironment was investigated with O2, H2S, and pH microelectrodes. P. aestuarii always formed a biofilm below the maximal oxygen penetration depth and its metabolism was strictly phototrophic. In contrast, T. roseopersicina formed a bilayer in both the mixed and the axenic culture. The top layer formed by the latter organism was exposed to oxygen, and chemotrophic sulfide oxidation took place during the dark periods, while the bottom layer grew phototrophically during the light periods only. In the mixed culture, the relative density of P. aestuarii was lower than in the axenic culture, which reflects the effects of the competition for sulfide. However, the relative density of T. roseopersicina was actually higher in the mixed culture than in the corresponding axenic culture, indicating a higher growth yield on sulfide in the mixed culture experiment. Several hypotheses are proposed to explain the effects of the interaction.

U2 - 10.1007/s002489900141

DO - 10.1007/s002489900141

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 173

EP - 180

JO - Microbial Ecology

JF - Microbial Ecology

SN - 0095-3628

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 193388