Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization. / Hansen, Georg N; Williamson, Michael; Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J P.

I: Cell and Tissue Research, Bind 308, Nr. 1, 2002, s. 157-65.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, GN, Williamson, M & Grimmelikhuijzen, CJP 2002, 'A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization.', Cell and Tissue Research, bind 308, nr. 1, s. 157-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y

APA

Hansen, G. N., Williamson, M., & Grimmelikhuijzen, C. J. P. (2002). A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization. Cell and Tissue Research, 308(1), 157-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y

Vancouver

Hansen GN, Williamson M, Grimmelikhuijzen CJP. A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization. Cell and Tissue Research. 2002;308(1):157-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y

Author

Hansen, Georg N ; Williamson, Michael ; Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J P. / A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization. I: Cell and Tissue Research. 2002 ; Bind 308, Nr. 1. s. 157-65.

Bibtex

@article{055c8a30ec2811dcbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization.",
abstract = "The freshwater polyp Hydra has a primitive nervous system that expresses at least six different neuropeptide genes: (1) three genes, coding for the preprohormones-A, -B, and -C that each gives rise to a variety of peptides with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Phe-NH(2) (the Hydra-RFamides); (2) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to five peptides with the C-terminal sequence Leu-Trp-NH(2) (the Hydra-LWamides); (3) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that produces a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Lys-Val-NH(2) (Hydra-KVamide, also called Hym-176); and (4) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Gly NH(2) (Hydra-RGamide, also called Hym-355). In a previous paper, we described that a population of neurons in the peduncle (a region just above the foot) of Hydra coexpresses the preprohormone-A and KVamide genes, whereas neurons in the other regions only express either the preprohormone-A, -B, -C, LWamide, or the KVamide genes. Here, we investigated the RGamide gene expression, using whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization, and found that neurons in the basal disk (foot), gastric region, hypostome (a region around the mouth), and tentacles coexpress this gene together with the LWamide gene. A small population of neurons in the hypostome and upper gastric region expresses only the LWamide gene. No coexpression of the RGamide gene with any of the other neuropeptide genes was observed. This is the second example of coexpression of two neuropeptide genes in cnidarians. It demonstrates that many neurons in the primitive nervous systems of cnidarians use combinations ({"}cocktails{"}) of neuropeptides for their signaling. It also shows that Hydra has at least seven neurochemically different populations of neurons.",
author = "Hansen, {Georg N} and Michael Williamson and Grimmelikhuijzen, {Cornelis J P}",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Color; Hydra; In Situ Hybridization; Invertebrate Hormones; Neurons; Neuropeptides; Protein Precursors; RNA, Messenger",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y",
language = "English",
volume = "308",
pages = "157--65",
journal = "Cell and Tissue Research",
issn = "0302-766X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new case of neuropeptide coexpression (RGamide and LWamides) in Hydra, found by whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization.

AU - Hansen, Georg N

AU - Williamson, Michael

AU - Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J P

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Color; Hydra; In Situ Hybridization; Invertebrate Hormones; Neurons; Neuropeptides; Protein Precursors; RNA, Messenger

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - The freshwater polyp Hydra has a primitive nervous system that expresses at least six different neuropeptide genes: (1) three genes, coding for the preprohormones-A, -B, and -C that each gives rise to a variety of peptides with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Phe-NH(2) (the Hydra-RFamides); (2) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to five peptides with the C-terminal sequence Leu-Trp-NH(2) (the Hydra-LWamides); (3) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that produces a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Lys-Val-NH(2) (Hydra-KVamide, also called Hym-176); and (4) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Gly NH(2) (Hydra-RGamide, also called Hym-355). In a previous paper, we described that a population of neurons in the peduncle (a region just above the foot) of Hydra coexpresses the preprohormone-A and KVamide genes, whereas neurons in the other regions only express either the preprohormone-A, -B, -C, LWamide, or the KVamide genes. Here, we investigated the RGamide gene expression, using whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization, and found that neurons in the basal disk (foot), gastric region, hypostome (a region around the mouth), and tentacles coexpress this gene together with the LWamide gene. A small population of neurons in the hypostome and upper gastric region expresses only the LWamide gene. No coexpression of the RGamide gene with any of the other neuropeptide genes was observed. This is the second example of coexpression of two neuropeptide genes in cnidarians. It demonstrates that many neurons in the primitive nervous systems of cnidarians use combinations ("cocktails") of neuropeptides for their signaling. It also shows that Hydra has at least seven neurochemically different populations of neurons.

AB - The freshwater polyp Hydra has a primitive nervous system that expresses at least six different neuropeptide genes: (1) three genes, coding for the preprohormones-A, -B, and -C that each gives rise to a variety of peptides with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Phe-NH(2) (the Hydra-RFamides); (2) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to five peptides with the C-terminal sequence Leu-Trp-NH(2) (the Hydra-LWamides); (3) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that produces a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Lys-Val-NH(2) (Hydra-KVamide, also called Hym-176); and (4) one gene, coding for a preprohormone that gives rise to a peptide with the C-terminal sequence Arg-Gly NH(2) (Hydra-RGamide, also called Hym-355). In a previous paper, we described that a population of neurons in the peduncle (a region just above the foot) of Hydra coexpresses the preprohormone-A and KVamide genes, whereas neurons in the other regions only express either the preprohormone-A, -B, -C, LWamide, or the KVamide genes. Here, we investigated the RGamide gene expression, using whole-mount, two-color double-labeling in situ hybridization, and found that neurons in the basal disk (foot), gastric region, hypostome (a region around the mouth), and tentacles coexpress this gene together with the LWamide gene. A small population of neurons in the hypostome and upper gastric region expresses only the LWamide gene. No coexpression of the RGamide gene with any of the other neuropeptide genes was observed. This is the second example of coexpression of two neuropeptide genes in cnidarians. It demonstrates that many neurons in the primitive nervous systems of cnidarians use combinations ("cocktails") of neuropeptides for their signaling. It also shows that Hydra has at least seven neurochemically different populations of neurons.

U2 - 10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y

DO - 10.1007/s00441-002-0534-y

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12012215

VL - 308

SP - 157

EP - 165

JO - Cell and Tissue Research

JF - Cell and Tissue Research

SN - 0302-766X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 3045943