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A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism

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A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism. / Høyland-Kroghsbo, Nina Molin; Mærkedahl, Rasmus Baadsgaard; Svenningsen, Sine.

I: mBio, Bind 4, Nr. 1, 2013, s. 1-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Høyland-Kroghsbo, NM, Mærkedahl, RB & Svenningsen, S 2013, 'A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism', mBio, bind 4, nr. 1, s. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00362-12

APA

Høyland-Kroghsbo, N. M., Mærkedahl, R. B., & Svenningsen, S. (2013). A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism. mBio, 4(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00362-12

Vancouver

Høyland-Kroghsbo NM, Mærkedahl RB, Svenningsen S. A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism. mBio. 2013;4(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00362-12

Author

Høyland-Kroghsbo, Nina Molin ; Mærkedahl, Rasmus Baadsgaard ; Svenningsen, Sine. / A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism. I: mBio. 2013 ; Bind 4, Nr. 1. s. 1-9.

Bibtex

@article{857206b8ebb64f4c850caa4329c8d213,
title = "A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism",
abstract = "One of the key determinants of the size, composition, structure, and development of a microbial community is the predation pressure by bacteriophages. Accordingly, bacteria have evolved a battery of antiphage defense strategies. Since maintaining constantly elevated defenses is costly, we hypothesize that some bacteria have additionally evolved the abilities to estimate the risk of phage infection and to adjust their strategies accordingly. One risk parameter is the density of the bacterial population. Hence, quorum sensing, i.e., the ability to regulate gene expression according to population density, may be an important determinant of phage-host interactions. This hypothesis was investigated in the model system of Escherichia coli and phage ¿. We found that, indeed, quorum sensing constitutes a significant, but so far overlooked, determinant of host susceptibility to phage attack. Specifically, E. coli reduces the numbers of ¿ receptors on the cell surface in response to N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum-sensing signals, causing a 2-fold reduction in the phage adsorption rate. The modest reduction in phage adsorption rate leads to a dramatic increase in the frequency of uninfected survivor cells after a potent attack by virulent phages. Notably, this mechanism may apply to a broader range of phages, as AHLs also reduce the risk of ¿ phage infection through a different receptor. IMPORTANCE To enable the successful manipulation of bacterial populations, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that naturally shape microbial communities is required. One of the key factors in this context is the interactions between bacteria and the most abundant biological entities on Earth, namely, the bacteriophages that prey on bacteria. This proof-of-principle study shows that quorum sensing plays an important role in determining the susceptibility of E. coli to infection by bacteriophages ¿ and ¿. On the basis of our findings in the classical Escherichia coli-¿ model system, we suggest that quorum sensing may serve as a general strategy to protect bacteria specifically under conditions of high risk of infection.",
author = "H{\o}yland-Kroghsbo, {Nina Molin} and M{\ae}rkedahl, {Rasmus Baadsgaard} and Sine Svenningsen",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1128/mBio.00362-12",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "mBio",
issn = "2161-2129",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A quorum-sensing-induced bacteriophage defense mechanism

AU - Høyland-Kroghsbo, Nina Molin

AU - Mærkedahl, Rasmus Baadsgaard

AU - Svenningsen, Sine

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - One of the key determinants of the size, composition, structure, and development of a microbial community is the predation pressure by bacteriophages. Accordingly, bacteria have evolved a battery of antiphage defense strategies. Since maintaining constantly elevated defenses is costly, we hypothesize that some bacteria have additionally evolved the abilities to estimate the risk of phage infection and to adjust their strategies accordingly. One risk parameter is the density of the bacterial population. Hence, quorum sensing, i.e., the ability to regulate gene expression according to population density, may be an important determinant of phage-host interactions. This hypothesis was investigated in the model system of Escherichia coli and phage ¿. We found that, indeed, quorum sensing constitutes a significant, but so far overlooked, determinant of host susceptibility to phage attack. Specifically, E. coli reduces the numbers of ¿ receptors on the cell surface in response to N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum-sensing signals, causing a 2-fold reduction in the phage adsorption rate. The modest reduction in phage adsorption rate leads to a dramatic increase in the frequency of uninfected survivor cells after a potent attack by virulent phages. Notably, this mechanism may apply to a broader range of phages, as AHLs also reduce the risk of ¿ phage infection through a different receptor. IMPORTANCE To enable the successful manipulation of bacterial populations, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that naturally shape microbial communities is required. One of the key factors in this context is the interactions between bacteria and the most abundant biological entities on Earth, namely, the bacteriophages that prey on bacteria. This proof-of-principle study shows that quorum sensing plays an important role in determining the susceptibility of E. coli to infection by bacteriophages ¿ and ¿. On the basis of our findings in the classical Escherichia coli-¿ model system, we suggest that quorum sensing may serve as a general strategy to protect bacteria specifically under conditions of high risk of infection.

AB - One of the key determinants of the size, composition, structure, and development of a microbial community is the predation pressure by bacteriophages. Accordingly, bacteria have evolved a battery of antiphage defense strategies. Since maintaining constantly elevated defenses is costly, we hypothesize that some bacteria have additionally evolved the abilities to estimate the risk of phage infection and to adjust their strategies accordingly. One risk parameter is the density of the bacterial population. Hence, quorum sensing, i.e., the ability to regulate gene expression according to population density, may be an important determinant of phage-host interactions. This hypothesis was investigated in the model system of Escherichia coli and phage ¿. We found that, indeed, quorum sensing constitutes a significant, but so far overlooked, determinant of host susceptibility to phage attack. Specifically, E. coli reduces the numbers of ¿ receptors on the cell surface in response to N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum-sensing signals, causing a 2-fold reduction in the phage adsorption rate. The modest reduction in phage adsorption rate leads to a dramatic increase in the frequency of uninfected survivor cells after a potent attack by virulent phages. Notably, this mechanism may apply to a broader range of phages, as AHLs also reduce the risk of ¿ phage infection through a different receptor. IMPORTANCE To enable the successful manipulation of bacterial populations, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that naturally shape microbial communities is required. One of the key factors in this context is the interactions between bacteria and the most abundant biological entities on Earth, namely, the bacteriophages that prey on bacteria. This proof-of-principle study shows that quorum sensing plays an important role in determining the susceptibility of E. coli to infection by bacteriophages ¿ and ¿. On the basis of our findings in the classical Escherichia coli-¿ model system, we suggest that quorum sensing may serve as a general strategy to protect bacteria specifically under conditions of high risk of infection.

U2 - 10.1128/mBio.00362-12

DO - 10.1128/mBio.00362-12

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23422409

VL - 4

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - mBio

JF - mBio

SN - 2161-2129

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 45104332