Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation first-in-man study (phase 0) to assess the safety and efficacy of topical cytosolic phospholipase A2 inhibitor, AVX001, in patients with mild to moderate plaque psoriasis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • S H Omland
  • A Habicht
  • P Damsbo
  • J Wilms
  • B Johansen
  • R Gniadecki

BACKGROUND: Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2α) is an enzyme suggested as a therapeutic target in inflammatory skin diseases. AVX001, a cPLA2α inhibitor, was investigated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, split-design, first-in-man study in patients with mild to moderate psoriasis.

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate cutaneous safety and tolerability of AVX001 in doses from 0.002% to 5.0%. Safety was assessed as local skin reaction adverse events (LSRAE) grades 3-4. The secondary objective was assessment of efficacy on modified PASI (mPASI) score compared with placebo.

METHODS: Of 94 randomized men, 88 completed treatment with AVX001 and placebo. The treatment period was four weeks with two-week follow-up with assessment at screening, randomization and once weekly until study end. AVX001 and placebo were applied blinded at symmetrically affected areas once daily.

RESULTS: AVX001 was safe with no grades 3-4 LSRAE. A 29% reduction in mPASI was seen at the 5% dose level at week four. Post hoc analysis of combined doses of 3% and 5% showed a clinical relevant effect with 31% reduction in mPASI (P = 0.058) and statically significant reduction of the infiltration (P = 0.036). The actively treated side showed improvement in mPASI score after one week of treatment, and the observed improvement continued throughout the four weeks of treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with AVX001 is well tolerated in doses up to 5%, and showed placebo-adjusted, clinical effects at a level of statistical significance. The improvement throughout the treatment period suggests that longer treatment could conceivably result in superior efficacy.

TidsskriftJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)1161-1167
StatusUdgivet - 2017

ID: 194679682