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A reduced gastric corpus microvascular blood flow during Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy detected by laser speckle contrast imaging technique

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BACKGROUND: Reduced microvascular blood flow is related to anastomotic insufficiency following esophagectomy, emphasizing a need for intraoperative monitoring of the microcirculation. This study evaluated if laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) was able to detect intraoperative changes in gastric microcirculation.

METHODS: Gastric microcirculation was assessed prior to and after reconstruction of gastric continuity in 25 consecutive patients operated for adenocarcinoma with open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy while hemodynamic variables were recorded.

RESULTS: During upper laparotomy, microcirculation at the corpus decreased by 25% from baseline to mobilization of the stomach (p = .008) and decreased further (to a total decrease of 40%) following gastric pull to the thorax (p = .013). On the other hand, microcirculation at the antrum did not change significantly after gastric mobilization (p = .091). The decrease in corpus microcirculation took place unrelated to central cardiovascular variables.

CONCLUSION: Using LSCI technique, we identified a reduced microcirculation at the corpus area during open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. LSCI provides an option for real-time assessment of gastric microcirculation and could form basis for intraoperative stabilization of the microcirculation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
BogserieScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Vol/bind52
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)455-461
Antal sider7
ISSN0085-5928
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

ID: 186067736