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A simple filter-paper technique allows detection of mucosal cytokine levels in vivo in ulcerative colitis. Interleukin-1 and interleukin-1-receptor antagonist

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A simple filter-paper method for in vivo assessment of cytokines in intestinal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) was developed and evaluated. Twenty-eight patients were included. Twenty-three patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and five irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Inflammation was assessed endoscopically. Through a rectoscope, filter paper was applied to the macroscopically most inflamed area of the rectal mucosa until soaked. The filter paper was transferred to a buffer solution, and IL-1 beta and IL-1ra were assessed using ELISA. Positive correlations between endoscopic grading and In(IL-1 beta) (P < 0.0001) and In(IL-1ra) (P < 0.001) and a negative correlation between endoscopic grading and In(IL-1ra /IL-1 beta) (P < 0.02) were found. In measurements during and after a flare-up no significant change in IL-1ra but a significant decrease in IL-1 beta was detected, which is in agreement with investigations on biopsies. In conclusion, the filter-paper technique is an easily applicable, low-risk method that provides a means of monitoring cytokines in vivo in UC.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Vol/bind41
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1775-9
Antal sider5
ISSN0163-2116
StatusUdgivet - sep. 1996

ID: 218726990