Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


A submillimeter line survey of low-mass protostars: Prelude to ALMA and Herschel

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

The results from a single-dish molecular line survey of a set of 18 deeply embedded young stellar objects are summarized. More than 40 lines from 16 different species were observed with the JCMT, Onsala, IRAM 30m and SEST telescopes. The multitransition data are analyzed using a temperature and density structure derived from models of the dust continuum emission. For the outer envelope (>300 AU), the data indicate a 'drop' abundance profile for many species, with normal abundances in the outer- and innermost regions and highly depleted abundances in an intermediate zone. This zone is bounded at the outer edge by the density where the timescale for freeze-out becomes longer than the life-time of the core, and at the inner edge by the evaporation temperature of the species involved. In the innermost envelope (<300 AU), all ices evaporate resulting in jumps in the abundances of complex organic molecules such as CH3OH. A key project for Herschel will be to survey gas-phase water in these objects, whose abundance shows extreme variations with temperature. ALMA wil be able to directly image the chemical variations throughout the envelope and zoom in on the inner hot core and protoplanetary disks on scales on tens of AU.

TidsskriftEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Udgave nummer577
Sider (fra-til)191-196
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 29 aug. 2005
Eksternt udgivetJa
BegivenhedThe Dusty and Molecular Universe - A Prelude to Herschel and ALMA - Paris, Frankrig
Varighed: 27 okt. 200429 okt. 2004


KonferenceThe Dusty and Molecular Universe - A Prelude to Herschel and ALMA
Sponsorl'Observatoire de Paris, European Space Agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, CNES, l'Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers, INSU, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS

ID: 234015667