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A Transporter of Ibuprofen is Upregulated in MDCK I Cells under Hyperosmotic Culture Conditions

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • Carsten Uhd Nielsen
  • Rune N Rasmussen
  • Junying Mo
  • Benafsha Noori
  • Candela Lagunas
  • René Holm
  • Martha Kampp Nøhr Vestergaard
Ibuprofen is a widely used drug. It has been identified as an inhibitor of several transporters, but it is not clear if ibuprofen is a substrate of any transporter itself. In the present work, we have characterized a transporter of ibuprofen, which is upregulated by hyperosmotic culture conditions in Madin–Darby canine kidney I (MDCK I) renal cells. [3H]-Ibuprofen uptake rate was measured in MDCK I cell cultured under normal (300 mOsm) and hyperosmotic (500 mOsm) conditions. Hyperosmotic conditions were obtained by supplementing urea, NaCl, mannitol, or raffinose to culture medium. The effect of increased osmolarity was investigated for different incubation times. [3H]-Ibuprofen uptake in MDCK I cells was upregulated by hyperosmotic culture condition, and was saturable with a Km value of 0.37 ± 0.08 μM and a Vmax of 233.1 ± 17.2 pmol· cm–2· min–1. Racemic [3H]-ibuprofen uptake could be inhibited by (R)-(−)- and (S)-(+)-ibuprofen with IC50 values of 19 μM (Log IC50 1.39 ± 0.34) and 0.47 μM (Log IC50 −0.36 ± 0.41), respectively. Furthermore, the [3H]-ibuprofen uptake rate was increased by decreased extracellular pH but not dependent on Na+ or Cl– ions. The mRNA of Mct1, -2, -4, and -6 as well as Oat1 and -3 were not upregulated by hyperosmolarity. Our findings present strong evidence for the presence of a yet unknown ibuprofen transporter in MDCK I cells. The transporter was upregulated under hyperosmotic culture conditions, and the present study is therefore a starting point for identification of the molecular correlate and potential impact on ibuprofen disposition.
TidsskriftMolecular Pharmaceutics
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)3119-29
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 6 sep. 2016

ID: 169360490