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Accumulation of immunoglobulin-containing cells in the gut mucosa and presence of faecal immunoglobulin in severe combined immunodeficient (scid) mice with T cell-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

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  • S Bregenholt
  • J Brimnes
  • J Reimann
  • Mogens Helweg Claesson
Scid mice transplanted either with a gut wall graft or with low numbers of purified CD4+ T cells from immunocompetent syngeneic donor mice show clinical signs of IBD 3-4 months post-transplantation. The disease is mediated by mucosa-infiltrating CD4+ TCR alphabeta+ T cells. The pathology of 52 individual colon segments obtained from 20 gut wall- or CD4+ T cell-transplanted diseased scid mice was evaluated by histology and the numbers of infiltrating immunoglobulin-containing cells were determined. In particular, cells positive for IgM, IgA and non-inflammatory immunoglobulin isotypes such as IgG1 and IgG2b were found to accumulate in colon segments displaying the most severe histopathology, including inflammatory cellular infiltration, epithelial hyperplasia and ulcerative lesions. Compared with colon segments of normal C.B-17 mice, the lesional scid colon shows increased levels of cells positive for the IgG classes. Faecal extracts of the CD4+ T cell-transplanted scid mice revealed the presence of all six murine immunoglobulin isotypes. Disease progression was accompanied by an increased level of excreted IgM and IgG3 and decreased levels of IgA. It is concluded that locally secreted immunoglobulins may play an immunomodulating role in the pathological changes observed in the present model of T cell-induced inflammatory bowel disease.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical and Experimental Immunology
Vol/bind114
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)19-25
Antal sider7
ISSN0009-9104
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 1998

ID: 32637496