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Accuracy of Fractional Flow Reserve Derived from Coronary Angiography

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • William F. Fearon
  • Stephan Achenbach
  • Engstrøm, Thomas
  • Abid Assali
  • Richard Shlofmitz
  • Allen Jeremias
  • Stephane Fournier
  • Ajay J. Kirtane
  • Ran Kornowski
  • Gabriel Greenberg
  • Rami Jubeh
  • Daniel M. Kolansky
  • Thomas McAndrew
  • Ovidiu Dressler
  • Akiko Maehara
  • Mitsuaki Matsumura
  • Martin B. Leon
  • Bernard De Bruyne

Measuring fractional flow reserve (FFR) with a pressure wire remains underutilized because of the invasiveness of guide wire placement or the need for a hyperemic stimulus. FFR derived from routine coronary angiography (FFRangio) eliminates both of these requirements and displays FFR values of the entire coronary tree. The FFRangio Accuracy versus Standard FFR (FAST-FFR) study is a prospective, multicenter, international trial with the primary goal of determining the accuracy of FFRangio. Methods: Coronary angiography was performed in a routine fashion in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. FFR was measured in vessels with coronary lesions of varying severity using a coronary pressure wire and hyperemic stimulus. Based on angiograms of the respective arteries acquired in ≥2 different projections, on-site operators blinded to FFR then calculated FFRangio using proprietary software. Coprimary end points were the sensitivity and specificity of the dichotomously scored FFRangio for predicting pressure wire-derived FFR using a cutoff value of 0.80. The study was powered to meet prespecified performance goals for sensitivity and specificity. Results: Ten centers in the United States, Europe, and Israel enrolled a total of 301 subjects and 319 vessels meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria which were included in the final analysis. The mean FFR was 0.81 and 43% of vessels had an FFR≤0.80. The per-vessel sensitivity and specificity were 94% (95% CI, 88% to 97%) and 91% (86% to 95%), respectively, both of which exceeded the prespecified performance goals. The diagnostic accuracy of FFRangio was 92% overall and remained high when only considering FFR values between 0.75 to 0.85 (87%). FFRangio values correlated well with FFR measurements (r=0.80, P<0.001) and the Bland-Altman 95% confidence limits were between -0.14 and 0.12. The device success rate for FFRangio was 99%. Conclusions: FFRangio measured from the coronary angiogram alone has a high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy compared with pressure wire-derived FFR. FFRangio has the promise to substantially increase physiological coronary lesion assessment in the catheterization laboratory, thereby potentially leading to improved patient outcomes. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT03226262.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCirculation
Vol/bind139
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)477-484
ISSN0009-7322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

ID: 241042299