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ADAM12 and alpha9beta1 integrin are instrumental in human myogenic cell differentiation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • Peggy Lafuste
  • Corinne Sonnet
  • Bénédicte Chazaud
  • Patrick A Dreyfus
  • Romain K Gherardi
  • Wewer, Ulla M.
  • François-Jérôme Authier
Knowledge on molecular systems involved in myogenic precursor cell (mpc) fusion into myotubes is fragmentary. Previous studies have implicated the a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family in most mammalian cell fusion processes. ADAM12 is likely involved in fusion of murine mpc and human rhabdomyosarcoma cells, but it requires yet unknown molecular partners to launch myogenic cell fusion. ADAM12 was shown able to mediate cell-to-cell attachment through binding alpha9beta1 integrin. We report that normal human mpc express both ADAM12 and alpha9beta1 integrin during their differentiation. Expression of alpha9 parallels that of ADAM12 and culminates at time of fusion. alpha9 and ADAM12 coimmunoprecipitate and participate to mpc adhesion. Inhibition of ADAM12/alpha9beta1 integrin interplay, by either ADAM12 antisense oligonucleotides or blocking antibody to alpha9beta1, inhibited overall mpc fusion by 47-48%, with combination of both strategies increasing inhibition up to 62%. By contrast with blockade of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1/alpha4beta1, which also reduced fusion, exposure to ADAM12 antisense oligonucleotides or anti-alpha9beta1 antibody did not induce detachment of mpc from extracellular matrix, suggesting specific involvement of ADAM12-alpha9beta1 interaction in the fusion process. Evaluation of the fusion rate with regard to the size of myotubes showed that both ADAM12 antisense oligonucleotides and alpha9beta1 blockade inhibited more importantly formation of large (> or =5 nuclei) myotubes than that of small (2-4 nuclei) myotubes. We conclude that both ADAM12 and alpha9beta1 integrin are expressed during postnatal human myogenic differentiation and that their interaction is mainly operative in nascent myotube growth.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Biology of the Cell
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)861-70
Antal sider10
ISSN1059-1524
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2005

ID: 34325386