Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Adrenaline Stimulates Glucagon Secretion by Tpc2-Dependent Ca2+ Mobilization From Acidic Stores in Pancreatic α-Cells

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  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Quan Zhang
  • Albert Salehi
  • Mara Willems
  • Knudsen, Jakob Grunnet
  • Anna K. Ringgaard
  • Caroline E. Chapman
  • Alejandro Gonzalez-Alvarez
  • Nicoletta C. Surdo
  • Manuela Zaccolo
  • Davide Basco
  • Paul R. V. Johnson
  • Reshma Ramracheya
  • Guy A. Rutter
  • Antony Galione
  • Patrik Rorsman
  • Andrei I. Tarasov
Adrenaline is a powerful stimulus of glucagon secretion. It acts by activation of b-adrenergic receptors, but the downstream mechanisms have only been partially elucidated. Here, we have examined the effects of adrenaline inmouse and human alpha-cells by a combination of electrophysiology, imaging of Ca2+ and PKA activity, and hormone release measurements. We found that stimulation of glucagon secretion correlated with a PKA-and EPAC2-dependent (inhibited by PKI and ESI-05, respectively) elevation of [Ca2+](i) in alpha-cells, which occurred without stimulation of electrical activity and persisted in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ but was sensitive to ryanodine, bafilomycin, and thapsigargin. Adrenaline also increased [Ca2+](i) in alpha-cells in human islets. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of the Tpc2 channel (that mediates Ca2+ release from acidic intracellular stores) abolished the stimulatory effect of adrenaline on glucagon secretion and reduced the elevation of [Ca2+](i). Furthermore, in Tpc2-deficient islets, ryanodine exerted no additive inhibitory effect. These data suggest thatb-adrenergic stimulation of glucagon secretion is controlled by a hierarchy of [Ca2+](i) signaling in the alpha-cell that is initiated by cAMP-induced Tpc2-dependent Ca2+ release from the acidic stores and further amplified by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release from the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum.
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1128-1139
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 213158265