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Adrenergic blockade in diabetic and uninephrectomized rats: effects on renal size and on renal and urinary contents of epidermal growth factor

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The present study reports on the effects of adrenergic blocking agents on the renal growth and on the renal content and urinary excretion of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic or uninephrectomized rats. Diabetic and uninephrectomized rats were allocated to groups treated with either saline or adrenergic antagonists and compared to controls and sham-operated controls, respectively. 24-hour urine samples were obtained on days 7, 14, and 21 and renal tissue samples on day 21. The 24-hour urinary excretion of EGF from controls and saline-treated diabetic rats was comparable. In adrenergic antagonist treated diabetic rats, it was reduced by at least 40% throughout the study period. Uninephrectomy caused a 50% reduction in the urinary excretion of EGF. This was not influenced by treatment with an adrenergic antagonist. After 3 weeks, saline-treated diabetic rats had an increase of 33% in kidney weight when compared to controls. The adrenergic antagonist treated diabetic groups had a significantly lower increase of 15%. Postnephrectomized renal growth was not affected by adrenergic antagonists. The total renal content of EGF was comparable in the saline-treated diabetic group and the control group, but was reduced by approximately 50% in the kidneys from the adrenergic antagonist treated diabetic groups. Renal EGF mRNA levels were also reduced in adrenergic antagonist treated diabetic rats. In contrast to diabetes, the renal growth following nephrectomy was not affected by adrenergic blocking agents. These results provide evidence for fundamental differences between diabetes-related renal growth and that observed in compensation to nephrectomy and suggest a connection between adrenergic activity, renal growth, and EGF in diabetes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNephron
Vol/bind81
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)172-82
Antal sider11
ISSN0028-2766
StatusUdgivet - feb. 1999

ID: 47486618