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Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence

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Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders : Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence. / Nordahl Christoffersen, Lea Arregui; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Becker, Ulrik; Osler, Merete; Sørensen, Holger Jelling; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine.

I: Alcohol, Bind 95, 2021, s. 7-14.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nordahl Christoffersen, LA, Mortensen, EL, Becker, U, Osler, M, Sørensen, HJ & Flensborg-Madsen, T 2021, 'Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence', Alcohol, bind 95, s. 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005

APA

Nordahl Christoffersen, L. A., Mortensen, E. L., Becker, U., Osler, M., Sørensen, H. J., & Flensborg-Madsen, T. (2021). Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence. Alcohol, 95, 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005

Vancouver

Nordahl Christoffersen LA, Mortensen EL, Becker U, Osler M, Sørensen HJ, Flensborg-Madsen T. Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence. Alcohol. 2021;95:7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005

Author

Nordahl Christoffersen, Lea Arregui ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Becker, Ulrik ; Osler, Merete ; Sørensen, Holger Jelling ; Flensborg-Madsen, Trine. / Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders : Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence. I: Alcohol. 2021 ; Bind 95. s. 7-14.

Bibtex

@article{f79bab35737c4033a381d365e7fcc31c,
title = "Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence",
abstract = "Associations of educational level and intelligence with age at onset and age at treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUD) are sparsely investigated; however, knowledge about these associations is important for an enhanced understanding of AUD. This study aimed to examine three measures of timing of AUD: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems, age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic, and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis, and to estimate associations of educational level and intelligence with these measures of timing of AUD. The aim was investigated in a register-based study comprising 7,019 Danish men seeking outpatient AUD treatment. Data on educational level and intelligence were obtained from the Danish Conscription Database. Estimated age at onset of alcohol problems and age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic were obtained from the Copenhagen Alcohol Cohort. Age at first AUD hospital diagnosis was retrieved from national Danish psychiatric registers. Among individuals with information on all measures of timing of AUD, 65.8% followed the developmental sequence: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems (M=32.08 years, SD=9.3), age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic (M=39.89 years, SD=9.5), and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis (M=42.27 years, SD=12.4). Adjusted linear regression models revealed significant associations of high educational level and high intelligence with later onset and treatment of AUD, ranging from 0.97-1.28 years (p<0.0001) for educational level and from 0.16-0.20 years (p<0.0001) for intelligence. In conclusion, AUD develops sequentially. High educational level and intelligence were associated with later onset and treatment of AUD, but educational level explained most unique variance. This may indicate that in addition to cognitive factors reflected by both educational level and intelligence, non-cognitive factors only reflected by educational level also are important for the timing of AUD.",
author = "{Nordahl Christoffersen}, {Lea Arregui} and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Ulrik Becker and Merete Osler and S{\o}rensen, {Holger Jelling} and Trine Flensborg-Madsen",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "7--14",
journal = "Alcohol",
issn = "0741-8329",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age at Onset and Age at Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders

T2 - Associations with Educational Level and Intelligence

AU - Nordahl Christoffersen, Lea Arregui

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Becker, Ulrik

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - Sørensen, Holger Jelling

AU - Flensborg-Madsen, Trine

N1 - Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Associations of educational level and intelligence with age at onset and age at treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUD) are sparsely investigated; however, knowledge about these associations is important for an enhanced understanding of AUD. This study aimed to examine three measures of timing of AUD: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems, age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic, and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis, and to estimate associations of educational level and intelligence with these measures of timing of AUD. The aim was investigated in a register-based study comprising 7,019 Danish men seeking outpatient AUD treatment. Data on educational level and intelligence were obtained from the Danish Conscription Database. Estimated age at onset of alcohol problems and age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic were obtained from the Copenhagen Alcohol Cohort. Age at first AUD hospital diagnosis was retrieved from national Danish psychiatric registers. Among individuals with information on all measures of timing of AUD, 65.8% followed the developmental sequence: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems (M=32.08 years, SD=9.3), age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic (M=39.89 years, SD=9.5), and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis (M=42.27 years, SD=12.4). Adjusted linear regression models revealed significant associations of high educational level and high intelligence with later onset and treatment of AUD, ranging from 0.97-1.28 years (p<0.0001) for educational level and from 0.16-0.20 years (p<0.0001) for intelligence. In conclusion, AUD develops sequentially. High educational level and intelligence were associated with later onset and treatment of AUD, but educational level explained most unique variance. This may indicate that in addition to cognitive factors reflected by both educational level and intelligence, non-cognitive factors only reflected by educational level also are important for the timing of AUD.

AB - Associations of educational level and intelligence with age at onset and age at treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUD) are sparsely investigated; however, knowledge about these associations is important for an enhanced understanding of AUD. This study aimed to examine three measures of timing of AUD: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems, age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic, and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis, and to estimate associations of educational level and intelligence with these measures of timing of AUD. The aim was investigated in a register-based study comprising 7,019 Danish men seeking outpatient AUD treatment. Data on educational level and intelligence were obtained from the Danish Conscription Database. Estimated age at onset of alcohol problems and age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic were obtained from the Copenhagen Alcohol Cohort. Age at first AUD hospital diagnosis was retrieved from national Danish psychiatric registers. Among individuals with information on all measures of timing of AUD, 65.8% followed the developmental sequence: estimated age at onset of alcohol problems (M=32.08 years, SD=9.3), age at first registration in an outpatient alcohol clinic (M=39.89 years, SD=9.5), and age at first AUD hospital diagnosis (M=42.27 years, SD=12.4). Adjusted linear regression models revealed significant associations of high educational level and high intelligence with later onset and treatment of AUD, ranging from 0.97-1.28 years (p<0.0001) for educational level and from 0.16-0.20 years (p<0.0001) for intelligence. In conclusion, AUD develops sequentially. High educational level and intelligence were associated with later onset and treatment of AUD, but educational level explained most unique variance. This may indicate that in addition to cognitive factors reflected by both educational level and intelligence, non-cognitive factors only reflected by educational level also are important for the timing of AUD.

U2 - 10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005

DO - 10.1016/j.alcohol.2021.04.005

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33940176

VL - 95

SP - 7

EP - 14

JO - Alcohol

JF - Alcohol

SN - 0741-8329

ER -

ID: 270554252