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Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus

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Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus. / Yin, He; Butsic, Van; Buchner, Johanna; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Prishchepov, Alexander V.; Baumann, Matthias; Bragina, Eugenia V.; Sayadyan, Hovik; Radeloff, Volker C.

I: Global Environmental Change, Bind 55, 2019, s. 149-159.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Yin, H, Butsic, V, Buchner, J, Kuemmerle, T, Prishchepov, AV, Baumann, M, Bragina, EV, Sayadyan, H & Radeloff, VC 2019, 'Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus', Global Environmental Change, bind 55, s. 149-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005

APA

Yin, H., Butsic, V., Buchner, J., Kuemmerle, T., Prishchepov, A. V., Baumann, M., ... Radeloff, V. C. (2019). Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus. Global Environmental Change, 55, 149-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005

Vancouver

Yin H, Butsic V, Buchner J, Kuemmerle T, Prishchepov AV, Baumann M o.a. Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus. Global Environmental Change. 2019;55:149-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005

Author

Yin, He ; Butsic, Van ; Buchner, Johanna ; Kuemmerle, Tobias ; Prishchepov, Alexander V. ; Baumann, Matthias ; Bragina, Eugenia V. ; Sayadyan, Hovik ; Radeloff, Volker C. / Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus. I: Global Environmental Change. 2019 ; Bind 55. s. 149-159.

Bibtex

@article{326b4df527bc4138b20664e09fd1d893,
title = "Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus",
abstract = "Armed conflicts are globally widespread and can strongly influence societies and the environment. However, where and how armed conflicts affect agricultural land-use is not well-understood. The Caucasus is a multi-ethnic region that experienced several conflicts shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, most notably the two Chechen Wars, raising the question how agricultural lands were changed. Here, we investigated how the distance to conflicts and conflict intensity, measured as the number of conflicts and the number of casualties, affected agricultural land abandonment and subsequent re-cultivation, by combining social, environmental and economic variables with remotely-sensed maps of agricultural change. We applied logistic and panel regression analyses for both the First Chechen War (1994–1996) and the Second Chechen War (1999–2009) and interacted conflict distance with conflict intensity measures. We found that agricultural lands closer to conflicts were more likely to be abandoned and less likely to be re-cultivated, with stronger effects for the First Chechen War. Conflict intensity was positively correlated with agricultural land abandonment, but the effects differed based on distance to conflicts and the intensity measure. We found little re-cultivation after the wars, despite abundant subsidies, indicating the potentially long-lasting effects of armed conflicts on land-use. Overall, we found a clear relationship between the Chechen Wars and agricultural land abandonment and re-cultivation, illustrating the strong effects of armed conflicts on agriculture.",
keywords = "Agricultural land abandonment, Armed conflict, Ethnic conflict, Land-use change, Re-cultivation, Warfare",
author = "He Yin and Van Butsic and Johanna Buchner and Tobias Kuemmerle and Prishchepov, {Alexander V.} and Matthias Baumann and Bragina, {Eugenia V.} and Hovik Sayadyan and Radeloff, {Volker C.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "149--159",
journal = "Global Environmental Change",
issn = "0959-3780",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agricultural abandonment and re-cultivation during and after the Chechen Wars in the northern Caucasus

AU - Yin, He

AU - Butsic, Van

AU - Buchner, Johanna

AU - Kuemmerle, Tobias

AU - Prishchepov, Alexander V.

AU - Baumann, Matthias

AU - Bragina, Eugenia V.

AU - Sayadyan, Hovik

AU - Radeloff, Volker C.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Armed conflicts are globally widespread and can strongly influence societies and the environment. However, where and how armed conflicts affect agricultural land-use is not well-understood. The Caucasus is a multi-ethnic region that experienced several conflicts shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, most notably the two Chechen Wars, raising the question how agricultural lands were changed. Here, we investigated how the distance to conflicts and conflict intensity, measured as the number of conflicts and the number of casualties, affected agricultural land abandonment and subsequent re-cultivation, by combining social, environmental and economic variables with remotely-sensed maps of agricultural change. We applied logistic and panel regression analyses for both the First Chechen War (1994–1996) and the Second Chechen War (1999–2009) and interacted conflict distance with conflict intensity measures. We found that agricultural lands closer to conflicts were more likely to be abandoned and less likely to be re-cultivated, with stronger effects for the First Chechen War. Conflict intensity was positively correlated with agricultural land abandonment, but the effects differed based on distance to conflicts and the intensity measure. We found little re-cultivation after the wars, despite abundant subsidies, indicating the potentially long-lasting effects of armed conflicts on land-use. Overall, we found a clear relationship between the Chechen Wars and agricultural land abandonment and re-cultivation, illustrating the strong effects of armed conflicts on agriculture.

AB - Armed conflicts are globally widespread and can strongly influence societies and the environment. However, where and how armed conflicts affect agricultural land-use is not well-understood. The Caucasus is a multi-ethnic region that experienced several conflicts shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, most notably the two Chechen Wars, raising the question how agricultural lands were changed. Here, we investigated how the distance to conflicts and conflict intensity, measured as the number of conflicts and the number of casualties, affected agricultural land abandonment and subsequent re-cultivation, by combining social, environmental and economic variables with remotely-sensed maps of agricultural change. We applied logistic and panel regression analyses for both the First Chechen War (1994–1996) and the Second Chechen War (1999–2009) and interacted conflict distance with conflict intensity measures. We found that agricultural lands closer to conflicts were more likely to be abandoned and less likely to be re-cultivated, with stronger effects for the First Chechen War. Conflict intensity was positively correlated with agricultural land abandonment, but the effects differed based on distance to conflicts and the intensity measure. We found little re-cultivation after the wars, despite abundant subsidies, indicating the potentially long-lasting effects of armed conflicts on land-use. Overall, we found a clear relationship between the Chechen Wars and agricultural land abandonment and re-cultivation, illustrating the strong effects of armed conflicts on agriculture.

KW - Agricultural land abandonment

KW - Armed conflict

KW - Ethnic conflict

KW - Land-use change

KW - Re-cultivation

KW - Warfare

U2 - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005

DO - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.005

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85062015260

VL - 55

SP - 149

EP - 159

JO - Global Environmental Change

JF - Global Environmental Change

SN - 0959-3780

ER -

ID: 214614895