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Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder

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Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. / Moreira, Pedro Silva; Macoveanu, Julian; Marques, Paulo; Coelho, Ana; Magalhães, Ricardo; Siebner, Hartwig R.; Soares, José Miguel; Sousa, Nuno; Morgado, Pedro.

I: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Bind 45, Nr. 2, 2020, s. 98-107.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Moreira, PS, Macoveanu, J, Marques, P, Coelho, A, Magalhães, R, Siebner, HR, Soares, JM, Sousa, N & Morgado, P 2020, 'Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder', Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, bind 45, nr. 2, s. 98-107. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.180226

APA

Moreira, P. S., Macoveanu, J., Marques, P., Coelho, A., Magalhães, R., Siebner, H. R., ... Morgado, P. (2020). Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 45(2), 98-107. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.180226

Vancouver

Moreira PS, Macoveanu J, Marques P, Coelho A, Magalhães R, Siebner HR o.a. Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 2020;45(2):98-107. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.180226

Author

Moreira, Pedro Silva ; Macoveanu, Julian ; Marques, Paulo ; Coelho, Ana ; Magalhães, Ricardo ; Siebner, Hartwig R. ; Soares, José Miguel ; Sousa, Nuno ; Morgado, Pedro. / Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. I: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 2020 ; Bind 45, Nr. 2. s. 98-107.

Bibtex

@article{e554dcf2c5b74feeb9a038917a4a2fe7,
title = "Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder",
abstract = "Background: Patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) employ ritualistic behaviours to reduce or even neutralize the anxiety provoked by their obsessions. The presence of excessive rumination and indecision has motivated the view of OCD as a disorder of decision-making. Most studies have focused on the “cold,” cognitive aspects of decision-making. This study expands current understanding of OCD by characterizing the abnormalities associated with affective, or “hot” decision-making.Methods: We performed a functional MRI study in a sample of 34 patients with OCD and 33 sex- and age-matched healthy controls, during which participants made 2-choice gambles taking varying levels of risk.Results: During risky decisions, patients showed significantly reduced task-related activation in the posterior cingulum, lingual gyrus and anterior cingulate cortex. We identified significant group × risk interactions in the calcarine cortex, precuneus, amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex. During the outcome phase, patients with OCD showed stronger activation of the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and putamen in response to unexpected losses.Limitations: The group of patients not receiving medication was very small (n = 5), which precluded us from assessing the effect of medication on risk-taking behaviour in these patients.Conclusion: Obsessive–compulsive disorder is associated with abnormal brain activity patterns during risky decision-making in a set of brain regions that have been consistently implicated in the processing of reward prediction errors. Alterations in affective “hot” processes implicated in decision-making may contribute to increased indecisiveness and intolerance to uncertainty in patients with OCD.",
author = "Moreira, {Pedro Silva} and Julian Macoveanu and Paulo Marques and Ana Coelho and Ricardo Magalh{\~a}es and Siebner, {Hartwig R.} and Soares, {Jos{\'e} Miguel} and Nuno Sousa and Pedro Morgado",
note = "{\circledC} 2020 Joule Inc. or its licensors",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1503/jpn.180226",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "98--107",
journal = "Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience",
issn = "1180-4882",
publisher = "Canadian Medical Association",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Altered response to risky decisions and reward in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder

AU - Moreira, Pedro Silva

AU - Macoveanu, Julian

AU - Marques, Paulo

AU - Coelho, Ana

AU - Magalhães, Ricardo

AU - Siebner, Hartwig R.

AU - Soares, José Miguel

AU - Sousa, Nuno

AU - Morgado, Pedro

N1 - © 2020 Joule Inc. or its licensors

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background: Patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) employ ritualistic behaviours to reduce or even neutralize the anxiety provoked by their obsessions. The presence of excessive rumination and indecision has motivated the view of OCD as a disorder of decision-making. Most studies have focused on the “cold,” cognitive aspects of decision-making. This study expands current understanding of OCD by characterizing the abnormalities associated with affective, or “hot” decision-making.Methods: We performed a functional MRI study in a sample of 34 patients with OCD and 33 sex- and age-matched healthy controls, during which participants made 2-choice gambles taking varying levels of risk.Results: During risky decisions, patients showed significantly reduced task-related activation in the posterior cingulum, lingual gyrus and anterior cingulate cortex. We identified significant group × risk interactions in the calcarine cortex, precuneus, amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex. During the outcome phase, patients with OCD showed stronger activation of the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and putamen in response to unexpected losses.Limitations: The group of patients not receiving medication was very small (n = 5), which precluded us from assessing the effect of medication on risk-taking behaviour in these patients.Conclusion: Obsessive–compulsive disorder is associated with abnormal brain activity patterns during risky decision-making in a set of brain regions that have been consistently implicated in the processing of reward prediction errors. Alterations in affective “hot” processes implicated in decision-making may contribute to increased indecisiveness and intolerance to uncertainty in patients with OCD.

AB - Background: Patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) employ ritualistic behaviours to reduce or even neutralize the anxiety provoked by their obsessions. The presence of excessive rumination and indecision has motivated the view of OCD as a disorder of decision-making. Most studies have focused on the “cold,” cognitive aspects of decision-making. This study expands current understanding of OCD by characterizing the abnormalities associated with affective, or “hot” decision-making.Methods: We performed a functional MRI study in a sample of 34 patients with OCD and 33 sex- and age-matched healthy controls, during which participants made 2-choice gambles taking varying levels of risk.Results: During risky decisions, patients showed significantly reduced task-related activation in the posterior cingulum, lingual gyrus and anterior cingulate cortex. We identified significant group × risk interactions in the calcarine cortex, precuneus, amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex. During the outcome phase, patients with OCD showed stronger activation of the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and putamen in response to unexpected losses.Limitations: The group of patients not receiving medication was very small (n = 5), which precluded us from assessing the effect of medication on risk-taking behaviour in these patients.Conclusion: Obsessive–compulsive disorder is associated with abnormal brain activity patterns during risky decision-making in a set of brain regions that have been consistently implicated in the processing of reward prediction errors. Alterations in affective “hot” processes implicated in decision-making may contribute to increased indecisiveness and intolerance to uncertainty in patients with OCD.

U2 - 10.1503/jpn.180226

DO - 10.1503/jpn.180226

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31509362

VL - 45

SP - 98

EP - 107

JO - Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience

JF - Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience

SN - 1180-4882

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 236718073