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AMP deaminase in skeletal muscle of healthy males quantitatively determined by new assay

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A new, sensitive assay for the quantitative determination of AMP deaminase activity in human skeletal muscle is presented. The method is based on the determination of the direct product of the AMP deaminase reaction, the formed IMP, by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In order to evaluate the relationship between AMP deaminase activity on the one hand and the contractile and metabolic characteristics of the muscle and the physical performance on the other, muscle biopsies were taken from 20 male subjects. The subjects also performed a 30 s sprint test on a cycle ergometer. The inter-individual variation in AMP deaminase activity was large, ranging from 5.4 to 27.4 microkat g-1 dry muscle. AMP deaminase was positively correlated with phosphofructokinase (PFK), the marker of the glycolytic capacity of the muscle, but there was no correlation with enzymes of oxidative metabolism, such as 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and citrate synthase, or with the activity of myokinase and lactate dehydrogenase. There was no significant correlation between AMP deaminase activity and the proportion of the different muscle fibre types. A weak positive correlation was found between the sprint performance and the AMP deaminase activity. In conclusion, the HPLC assay was found to be a fast, sensitive and reliable method for the quantitative determination of AMP deaminase activity in muscle. A direct relationship between AMP deaminase activity on the one hand and glycolytic capacity and sprint performance on the other was found. However, no relationship to oxidative capacity or contractile properties was found.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa physiologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind150
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)397-403
Antal sider7
ISSN0001-6772
StatusUdgivet - 1994
Eksternt udgivetJa

Bibliografisk note

CURIS "Før 1998" 5200 034 (Ekstern)

ID: 18701000