## An alternative to the standard spatial econometric approaches in hedonic house price models

Publikation: Working paper › Forskning

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**An alternative to the standard spatial econometric approaches in hedonic house price models.** / Veie, Kathrine Lausted; Panduro, Toke Emil.

Publikation: Working paper › Forskning

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*An alternative to the standard spatial econometric approaches in hedonic house price models*. Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen. IFRO Working Paper, Nr. 2013/18

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TY - UNPB

T1 - An alternative to the standard spatial econometric approaches in hedonic house price models

AU - Veie, Kathrine Lausted

AU - Panduro, Toke Emil

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Hedonic models are subject to spatially correlated errors which are a symptom of omitted spatial variables, mis-speciﬁcation or mismeasurement. Methods have been developed to address this problem through the use of spatial econometrics or spatial ﬁxed eﬀects. However, often spatial correlation is modeled without much consideration of the theoretical implications of the chosen model or treated as a nuisance to be dealt with holding little interest of its own. We discuss the limitations of current standard spatial approaches and demonstrate, both empirically and theoretically the generalized additive model as an alternative. The generalized additive model is compared with the spatial error model and the ﬁxed effects model. We ﬁnd the generalized additive model to be a solid alternative to the standard approaches, having less restrictive assumptions about the omitted spatial processes while still being able to reduce the problem of spatial autocorrelation and provide trustworthy estimates of spatial variables. However, challenges connected with spatially varying data remain. The choice of ﬂexibility in the spatial structure of the model affects estimated parameters of some spatially varying characteristics markedly. This suggests that omitted variable bias may remain an important problem. We advocate for an increased use of sensitivity analysis to determine robustness of estimates to different models of the (omitted) spatial processes.

AB - Hedonic models are subject to spatially correlated errors which are a symptom of omitted spatial variables, mis-speciﬁcation or mismeasurement. Methods have been developed to address this problem through the use of spatial econometrics or spatial ﬁxed eﬀects. However, often spatial correlation is modeled without much consideration of the theoretical implications of the chosen model or treated as a nuisance to be dealt with holding little interest of its own. We discuss the limitations of current standard spatial approaches and demonstrate, both empirically and theoretically the generalized additive model as an alternative. The generalized additive model is compared with the spatial error model and the ﬁxed effects model. We ﬁnd the generalized additive model to be a solid alternative to the standard approaches, having less restrictive assumptions about the omitted spatial processes while still being able to reduce the problem of spatial autocorrelation and provide trustworthy estimates of spatial variables. However, challenges connected with spatially varying data remain. The choice of ﬂexibility in the spatial structure of the model affects estimated parameters of some spatially varying characteristics markedly. This suggests that omitted variable bias may remain an important problem. We advocate for an increased use of sensitivity analysis to determine robustness of estimates to different models of the (omitted) spatial processes.

M3 - Working paper

T3 - IFRO Working Paper

BT - An alternative to the standard spatial econometric approaches in hedonic house price models

PB - Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen

ER -

ID: 103658659