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Analysis of Protein-Membrane Interactions: A Liposomal Approach

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

  • Gerdi Christine Kemmer
Cellular membranes are complex structures, consisting of hundreds of different lipids and proteins. These membranes act as barriers between distinct environments, constituting hot spots for many essential functions of the cell, including signaling, energy conversion, and transport. These functions are implemented by soluble proteins reversibly binding to, as well as by integral membrane proteins embedded in, cellular membranes. The activity and interaction of these proteins is furthermore modulated by the lipids of the membrane. Here, liposomes were used as model membrane systems to investigate interactions between proteins and lipids.

First, interactions of soluble proteins with membranes and specific lipids were studied, using two proteins: Annexin V and Tma1. The protein was first subjected to a lipid/protein overlay assay to identify candidate interaction partners in a fast and efficient way. Discovered interactions were then probed on the level of the membrane using liposome-based assays.

In the second part, a transmembrane protein was investigated. Assays to probe activity of the plasma membrane ATPase (Arabidopsis thaliana H+ -ATPase isoform 2 (AHA2)) in single liposomes using both giant vesicles and immobilized proteoliposomes were established. To enable investigation of proton pumping on the single-liposome level, two lipid-linked pH-sensors were synthesized, purified, and characterized
OriginalsprogEngelsk
ForlagDepartment of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen
Antal sider125
StatusUdgivet - 2013

ID: 109050382