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Analysis of vitamin formulations by electrokinetic chromatography utilizing tetradecylammonium ions as the pseudostationary phase

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A recently proposed method for the separation of fat-soluble vitamins by electrokinetic chromatography was further developed and investigated in the present study. The separation medium consisted of acetonitrile-water (80:20 v/v) and contained 80 mM tetradecylammonium bromide (TDA+); the content of acetonitrile served to maintain the hydrophobic vitamins dissolved during electrophoresis, while the TDA+ ions served as the pseudostationary phase. With the cathode placed at the outlet of the capillary, the fat-soluble vitamins were separated based on different hydrophobic interactions to the TDA+ ions and migrated in order of decreasing hydrophobicity prior to the electroosmotic flow. Migration time stability was significantly enhanced by the addition of 4 mu borate to the separation medium. The separation system was validated for the determination of vitamin E acetate in commercial tablets; quantitative results deviated by less than 3.5% from specified values, varying by less than 2.5% relative standard deviation (RSD) for within-day experiments, and by less than 6.5% RSD during between-day experiments. The separation system was compatible with injection solvents ranging in polarity from water to tetrahydrofuran, and was even capable of separating the water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B12, and nicotinamide.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftElectrophoresis
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer16-17
Sider (fra-til)2912-2917
Antal sider6
ISSN0173-0835
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 1998

ID: 231655094