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Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses: Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses : Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model. / Starbæk, Sofie M.R.; Brogaard, Louise; Dawson, Harry D.; Smith, Allen D.; Heegaard, Peter M.H.; Larsen, Lars E.; Jungersen, Gregers; Skovgaard, Kerstin.

I: ILAR Journal, Bind 59, Nr. 3, 31.12.2018, s. 323-337.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Starbæk, SMR, Brogaard, L, Dawson, HD, Smith, AD, Heegaard, PMH, Larsen, LE, Jungersen, G & Skovgaard, K 2018, 'Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses: Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model', ILAR Journal, bind 59, nr. 3, s. 323-337. https://doi.org/10.1093/ilar/ily009

APA

Starbæk, S. M. R., Brogaard, L., Dawson, H. D., Smith, A. D., Heegaard, P. M. H., Larsen, L. E., Jungersen, G., & Skovgaard, K. (2018). Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses: Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model. ILAR Journal, 59(3), 323-337. https://doi.org/10.1093/ilar/ily009

Vancouver

Starbæk SMR, Brogaard L, Dawson HD, Smith AD, Heegaard PMH, Larsen LE o.a. Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses: Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model. ILAR Journal. 2018 dec 31;59(3):323-337. https://doi.org/10.1093/ilar/ily009

Author

Starbæk, Sofie M.R. ; Brogaard, Louise ; Dawson, Harry D. ; Smith, Allen D. ; Heegaard, Peter M.H. ; Larsen, Lars E. ; Jungersen, Gregers ; Skovgaard, Kerstin. / Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses : Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model. I: ILAR Journal. 2018 ; Bind 59, Nr. 3. s. 323-337.

Bibtex

@article{fad829afa5b14fccafa20979e3f76f1c,
title = "Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses: Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model",
abstract = "Influenza is a viral respiratory disease having a major impact on public health. Influenza A virus (IAV) usually causes mild transitory disease in humans. However, in specific groups of individuals such as severely obese, the elderly, and individuals with underlying inflammatory conditions, IAV can cause severe illness or death. In this review, relevant small and large animal models for human IAV infection, including the pig, ferret, and mouse, are discussed. The focus is on the pig as a large animal model for human IAV infection as well as on the associated innate immune response. Pigs are natural hosts for the same IAV subtypes as humans, they develop clinical disease mirroring human symptoms, they have similar lung anatomy, and their respiratory physiology and immune responses to IAV infection are remarkably similar to what is observed in humans. The pig model shows high face and target validity for human IAV infection, making it suitable for modeling many aspects of influenza, including increased risk of severe disease and impaired vaccine response due to underlying pathologies such as low-grade inflammation. Comparative analysis of proteins involved in viral pattern recognition, interferon responses, and regulation of interferon-stimulated genes reveals a significantly higher degree of similarity between pig, ferret, and human compared with mice. It is concluded that the pig is a promising animal model displaying substantial human translational value with the ability to provide essential insights into IAV infection, pathogenesis, and immunity.",
keywords = "animal model, antiviral, inflammation, influenza A virus, innate immune response, microRNA, translational value, validity",
author = "Starb{\ae}k, {Sofie M.R.} and Louise Brogaard and Dawson, {Harry D.} and Smith, {Allen D.} and Heegaard, {Peter M.H.} and Larsen, {Lars E.} and Gregers Jungersen and Kerstin Skovgaard",
year = "2018",
month = dec,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1093/ilar/ily009",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "323--337",
journal = "I L A R Journal",
issn = "1084-2020",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Animal Models for Influenza A Virus Infection Incorporating the Involvement of Innate Host Defenses

T2 - Enhanced Translational Value of the Porcine Model

AU - Starbæk, Sofie M.R.

AU - Brogaard, Louise

AU - Dawson, Harry D.

AU - Smith, Allen D.

AU - Heegaard, Peter M.H.

AU - Larsen, Lars E.

AU - Jungersen, Gregers

AU - Skovgaard, Kerstin

PY - 2018/12/31

Y1 - 2018/12/31

N2 - Influenza is a viral respiratory disease having a major impact on public health. Influenza A virus (IAV) usually causes mild transitory disease in humans. However, in specific groups of individuals such as severely obese, the elderly, and individuals with underlying inflammatory conditions, IAV can cause severe illness or death. In this review, relevant small and large animal models for human IAV infection, including the pig, ferret, and mouse, are discussed. The focus is on the pig as a large animal model for human IAV infection as well as on the associated innate immune response. Pigs are natural hosts for the same IAV subtypes as humans, they develop clinical disease mirroring human symptoms, they have similar lung anatomy, and their respiratory physiology and immune responses to IAV infection are remarkably similar to what is observed in humans. The pig model shows high face and target validity for human IAV infection, making it suitable for modeling many aspects of influenza, including increased risk of severe disease and impaired vaccine response due to underlying pathologies such as low-grade inflammation. Comparative analysis of proteins involved in viral pattern recognition, interferon responses, and regulation of interferon-stimulated genes reveals a significantly higher degree of similarity between pig, ferret, and human compared with mice. It is concluded that the pig is a promising animal model displaying substantial human translational value with the ability to provide essential insights into IAV infection, pathogenesis, and immunity.

AB - Influenza is a viral respiratory disease having a major impact on public health. Influenza A virus (IAV) usually causes mild transitory disease in humans. However, in specific groups of individuals such as severely obese, the elderly, and individuals with underlying inflammatory conditions, IAV can cause severe illness or death. In this review, relevant small and large animal models for human IAV infection, including the pig, ferret, and mouse, are discussed. The focus is on the pig as a large animal model for human IAV infection as well as on the associated innate immune response. Pigs are natural hosts for the same IAV subtypes as humans, they develop clinical disease mirroring human symptoms, they have similar lung anatomy, and their respiratory physiology and immune responses to IAV infection are remarkably similar to what is observed in humans. The pig model shows high face and target validity for human IAV infection, making it suitable for modeling many aspects of influenza, including increased risk of severe disease and impaired vaccine response due to underlying pathologies such as low-grade inflammation. Comparative analysis of proteins involved in viral pattern recognition, interferon responses, and regulation of interferon-stimulated genes reveals a significantly higher degree of similarity between pig, ferret, and human compared with mice. It is concluded that the pig is a promising animal model displaying substantial human translational value with the ability to provide essential insights into IAV infection, pathogenesis, and immunity.

KW - animal model

KW - antiviral

KW - inflammation

KW - influenza A virus

KW - innate immune response

KW - microRNA

KW - translational value

KW - validity

U2 - 10.1093/ilar/ily009

DO - 10.1093/ilar/ily009

M3 - Review

C2 - 30476076

AN - SCOPUS:85074034289

VL - 59

SP - 323

EP - 337

JO - I L A R Journal

JF - I L A R Journal

SN - 1084-2020

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 247393167