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Anti-asialo GM1 antibodies prevents guanethidine-induced sympathectomy in athymic rats

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  • P Thygesen
  • H P Hougen
  • H B Christensen
  • J Rygaard
  • O Svendsen
  • P Juul
Guanethidine sulphate induces destruction of peripheral sympathetic neurons and infiltration of mononuclear cells in rat sympathetic ganglia. The effect of guanethidine is believed to be an autoimmune reaction. In order to determine the effect of anti-asialo GM1, an antibody that binds to the glycolipid asialo GM1 expressed on rodent natural killer cells, athymic Lewis rats received guanethidine 40 mg/kg i.p. daily from day 1 to 14 and anti-asialo GM1 i.p. 1 mg/rat on day -2, 0, 2, 6, and 10 in the study period. Saline and anti-asialo GM1 were given alone in the same doses as control. The number of neurons in the sympathetic ganglia were counted and the ganglionic volume determined. The presence of natural killer cells in the ganglia were determined by immunohistochemical methods. Our results shows that anti-asialo GM1 can prevent guanethidine-induced reduction of sympathetic neurons, but not prevent the initiation of an immunological reaction in the ganglia. Natural killer cells could only be identified in ganglia following guanethidine treatment alone. It is concluded that anti-asialo GM1 treatment can prevent the guanethidine-induced sympathectomy by eliminating the natural killer cells from the ganglia.
TidsskriftImmunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Udgave nummer1-2
Sider (fra-til)219-232
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - 1992

ID: 44354975