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Arteriovenous shunting and regional blood flow in myocutaneous island flaps: an experimental study in pigs

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In eight pigs, total blood flow, regional capillary blood flow distribution, and arteriovenous (AV) shunting were studied during the first 4 postoperative hours after elevation of a myocutaneous rectus abdominis island flap. Capillary blood flow and AV shunting were measured using radioactive microspheres before flap creation and 1 and 4 hours after surgery. Total blood flow, measured continuously as venous outflow, increased in the first postoperative hour (p less than 0.05). Elevation of the flap caused a slight decrease in skin capillary blood flow (p less than 0.05), whereas muscular capillary blood flow increased (p less than 0.01). AV shunting accounted for 50 percent of the total flap blood flow, whereas it was negligible in the abdominal wall prior to flap elevation. Thus stalk blood flow, skin appearance, and skin temperature may be poor indicators of nutritional capillary perfusion. However, the clinical and nutritional consequences of these findings remain to be established.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Vol/bind87
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)326-34
Antal sider9
ISSN0032-1052
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 1991

ID: 244328367