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Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

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Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes. / Bruggmann, Sylvie.

Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, 2018. 196 s.

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

Harvard

Bruggmann, S 2018, Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen. <https://soeg.kb.dk/permalink/45KBDK_KGL/1pioq0f/alma99122024813605763>

APA

Bruggmann, S. (2018). Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen. https://soeg.kb.dk/permalink/45KBDK_KGL/1pioq0f/alma99122024813605763

Vancouver

Bruggmann S. Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, 2018. 196 s.

Author

Bruggmann, Sylvie. / Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, 2018. 196 s.

Bibtex

@phdthesis{0acca2a79a7a4a92b44ab1b3b364129b,
title = "Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes",
abstract = "Due to the redox-sensitivity of chromium (Cr), ratios of Cr isotopes (d53Cr) are thought to be useful tracers of changes in the oxygenation state of seawater. Cr isotope ratios in sedimentary rocks thus allow reconstructions of past oceanic (and potentially atmospheric) redox conditions. Despite the extensive use of the Cr isotope system as redox proxy, processes controlling Cr (isotope) cycling are not fully understood. This thesis investigates modern seawater samples coupled to siliciclastic sediments and biogenic carbonates for their Cr concentrations and d53Cr values. The collected data contribute to elucidating Cr isotope fractionation effects accompanying Cr uptake into sediments and to better characterising the potential of sediments to record the d53Cr values of the environment within which they formed. Analysis of modern seawater samples from restricted and open marine conditions reveal that variations in Cr concentrations and isotopic compositions are controlled by local dynamics of biochemical parameters. For example, Cr fractionation caused by sorption to organic matter or mixing of water-masses with distinct Cr pools seem to have a stronger impact on the Cr isotopic composition of a water sample than the oxygenation state. Still, d53Cr values of siliciclastic sediments correspond to the oxygenation state of the overlying water column, confirming the redox-sensitivity of Cr isotopes at least under some circumstances. Mollusc shells were found to incorporate heterogeneous d53Cr values that are strongly affected by vital effects as well as by salinity and organic matter. Although Cr accumulation in microbialites is poorly constrained, they seem to incroporate distinct d53Cr values that may reflect both the conditions of the environment in which they precipitated and the microbial metabolism involved. Mechanisms other than redox changes (e.g., vital effects) challenge the use of Cr isotopes for redox reconstructions. Analyses of coupled modern seawater and geological samples support that Cr isotopes have the potential to record redox conditions of past environments. However, the limitations of this potential have to be better constrained and archives that may allow reliable interpretations of d53Cr values have to be further characterised.",
author = "Sylvie Bruggmann",
year = "2018",
month = dec,
language = "English",
publisher = "Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen",

}

RIS

TY - BOOK

T1 - Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes

AU - Bruggmann, Sylvie

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Due to the redox-sensitivity of chromium (Cr), ratios of Cr isotopes (d53Cr) are thought to be useful tracers of changes in the oxygenation state of seawater. Cr isotope ratios in sedimentary rocks thus allow reconstructions of past oceanic (and potentially atmospheric) redox conditions. Despite the extensive use of the Cr isotope system as redox proxy, processes controlling Cr (isotope) cycling are not fully understood. This thesis investigates modern seawater samples coupled to siliciclastic sediments and biogenic carbonates for their Cr concentrations and d53Cr values. The collected data contribute to elucidating Cr isotope fractionation effects accompanying Cr uptake into sediments and to better characterising the potential of sediments to record the d53Cr values of the environment within which they formed. Analysis of modern seawater samples from restricted and open marine conditions reveal that variations in Cr concentrations and isotopic compositions are controlled by local dynamics of biochemical parameters. For example, Cr fractionation caused by sorption to organic matter or mixing of water-masses with distinct Cr pools seem to have a stronger impact on the Cr isotopic composition of a water sample than the oxygenation state. Still, d53Cr values of siliciclastic sediments correspond to the oxygenation state of the overlying water column, confirming the redox-sensitivity of Cr isotopes at least under some circumstances. Mollusc shells were found to incorporate heterogeneous d53Cr values that are strongly affected by vital effects as well as by salinity and organic matter. Although Cr accumulation in microbialites is poorly constrained, they seem to incroporate distinct d53Cr values that may reflect both the conditions of the environment in which they precipitated and the microbial metabolism involved. Mechanisms other than redox changes (e.g., vital effects) challenge the use of Cr isotopes for redox reconstructions. Analyses of coupled modern seawater and geological samples support that Cr isotopes have the potential to record redox conditions of past environments. However, the limitations of this potential have to be better constrained and archives that may allow reliable interpretations of d53Cr values have to be further characterised.

AB - Due to the redox-sensitivity of chromium (Cr), ratios of Cr isotopes (d53Cr) are thought to be useful tracers of changes in the oxygenation state of seawater. Cr isotope ratios in sedimentary rocks thus allow reconstructions of past oceanic (and potentially atmospheric) redox conditions. Despite the extensive use of the Cr isotope system as redox proxy, processes controlling Cr (isotope) cycling are not fully understood. This thesis investigates modern seawater samples coupled to siliciclastic sediments and biogenic carbonates for their Cr concentrations and d53Cr values. The collected data contribute to elucidating Cr isotope fractionation effects accompanying Cr uptake into sediments and to better characterising the potential of sediments to record the d53Cr values of the environment within which they formed. Analysis of modern seawater samples from restricted and open marine conditions reveal that variations in Cr concentrations and isotopic compositions are controlled by local dynamics of biochemical parameters. For example, Cr fractionation caused by sorption to organic matter or mixing of water-masses with distinct Cr pools seem to have a stronger impact on the Cr isotopic composition of a water sample than the oxygenation state. Still, d53Cr values of siliciclastic sediments correspond to the oxygenation state of the overlying water column, confirming the redox-sensitivity of Cr isotopes at least under some circumstances. Mollusc shells were found to incorporate heterogeneous d53Cr values that are strongly affected by vital effects as well as by salinity and organic matter. Although Cr accumulation in microbialites is poorly constrained, they seem to incroporate distinct d53Cr values that may reflect both the conditions of the environment in which they precipitated and the microbial metabolism involved. Mechanisms other than redox changes (e.g., vital effects) challenge the use of Cr isotopes for redox reconstructions. Analyses of coupled modern seawater and geological samples support that Cr isotopes have the potential to record redox conditions of past environments. However, the limitations of this potential have to be better constrained and archives that may allow reliable interpretations of d53Cr values have to be further characterised.

UR - https://soeg.kb.dk/permalink/45KBDK_KGL/1pioq0f/alma99122024813605763

M3 - Ph.D. thesis

BT - Assessing the potential of the chromium isotope system to record redox changes

PB - Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen

ER -

ID: 213244485