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Associations between gastrointestinal toxicity, micro RNA and cytokine production in patients undergoing myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Peter Erik Lotko Pontoppidan
  • Karina Kwi Im Jordan
  • Anting Liu Carlsen
  • Hilde Hylland Uhlving
  • Katrine Kielsen
  • Mette Christensen
  • Marianne R Segelcke Ifversen
  • Claus Henrik Nielsen
  • Sangild, Per Torp
  • Niels Henrik Helweg Heegaard
  • Carsten Heilmann
  • Sengeløv, Henrik
  • Muller, Klaus

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a procedure with a high risk of treatment related mortality. The primary aim of the present study was to examine associations between markers of gastrointestinal toxicity, markers of systemic inflammation, and plasma levels of microRNA (miRNA) -155 and -146a during the first month after HSCT. The secondary aim was to characterize the impact of the toxic-inflammatory response on the function of circulating leukocytes during immune recovery. Thirty HSCT patients were included. Gastrointestinal injury was monitored by toxicity scores, lactulose-mannitol test and plasma citrulline, as a measure of the enterocyte population. Nadir of citrulline and maximum of oral toxicity scores, intestinal permeability, CRP and plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-10 was seen at day +7 post-HSCT. miRNA-155 and mi-RNA-146a showed an inverse relation with significantly elevated miRNA-155 and decreased miRNA-146a levels, from day 0 to day +28 compared with pre-conditioning levels. Citrulline levels below the median at day +7 were associated with higher spontaneous production of IL-6 and TNF-α as well as higher in vitro stimulated production of IL-17A at day +21. This study is the first to demonstrate that toxic responses to chemotherapy are accompanied by differential regulation of miRNAs with opposing effects on immune regulation. We find that a proinflammatory miRNA profile is sustained during the first three weeks after the transplantation, indicating that these miRNAs may play a role in the regulation of the inflammatory environment during immune reconstitution after HSCT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Immunopharmacology
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)180-188
Antal sider9
ISSN1567-5769
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2015

ID: 160609759