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Axial myopathy: an overlooked feature of muscle diseases

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Classically, myopathies are categorized according to limb or cranial nerve muscle affection, but with the growing use of magnetic resonance imaging it has become evident that many well-known myopathies have significant involvement of the axial musculature. New disease entities with selective axial muscle involvement have also been described recently, but overall the axial myopathy is unexplored. We performed a PubMed search using the search terms 'myopathy', 'paraspinal', 'axial' and 'erector'. Axial myopathy was defined as involvement of paraspinal musculature. We found evidence of axial musculature involvement in the majority of myopathies in which paraspinal musculature was examined. Even in diseases named after a certain pattern of non-axial muscle affection, such as facioscapulohumeral and limb girdle muscular dystrophies, affection of the axial musculature was often severe and early, compared to other muscle groups. Very sparse literature evaluating the validity of clinical assessment methods, electromyography, muscle biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging was identified and reference material is generally missing. This article provides an overview of the present knowledge on axial myopathy with the aim to increase awareness and spur interest among clinicians and researchers in the field.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBrain
Vol/bind139
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)13-22
Antal sider10
ISSN0006-8950
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

ID: 174236328