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Biological responses to current UV-B radiation in Arctic regions: 5th SPPS 2008 PhD conference January 24-27 2008 in Haslev, Denmark

Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskning

Dokumenter

Depletion of the ozone layer and the consequent increase in solar ultraviolet-B radiation

(UV-B) may impact living conditions for arctic plants significantly. In order

to evaluate how the prevailing UV-B fluxes affect the heath ecosystem at Zackenberg

(74°30'N, 20°30'W) and other high-arctic regions, manipulation experiments with various

set-ups have been performed. Activation of plant defence mechanisms by production

of UV-B absorbing compounds was significant in ambient UV-B in comparison to

a filter treatment reducing the UV-B radiation. Despite the UV-B screening response,

ambient UV-B was demonstrated to decrease photosynthesis and shift carbon allocation

from shoots to roots. Moreover, ambient UV-B increased plant stress with detrimental

effects on electron processing in the photosynthetic apparatus. Plant responses

did not lead to clear changes in the amount of fungal root symbionts (mycorrhiza) or in

the biomass of microbes in the soil of the root zone. However, the composition of the

soil microbial community was different in the soils under ambient and reduced UV radiation

after three treatment years. These results provide new insight into the negative

impact of current UV-B fluxes on high-arctic vegetation. They supplement previous

investigations from the Arctic focussing on other variables like growth etc., which

have reported no or minor plant responses to UV-B, and clearly indicates that UV-B

radiation is an important factor affecting plant life at high-arctic Zackenberg. However,

long-time experiments are needed in order to see whether the observed changes

are transient or whether they accumulate over years. Such experiments are especially

important for valid determination of below-ground responses, which potentially lead

to feedbacks on the ecosystem functioning.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2008
StatusUdgivet - 2008
BegivenhedBiological responses to current UV-B radiation in Arctic regions -
Varighed: 29 nov. 2010 → …

Konference

KonferenceBiological responses to current UV-B radiation in Arctic regions
Periode29/11/2010 → …

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