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Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems

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Standard

Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems. / Wohlfahrt, Georg; Friborg, Thomas; Johansson et.al., Paul Torbjörn.

I: Ecosystems, Bind 11, Nr. 8, 2008, s. 1338-1351.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Wohlfahrt, G, Friborg, T & Johansson et.al., PT 2008, 'Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems', Ecosystems, bind 11, nr. 8, s. 1338-1351. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2

APA

Wohlfahrt, G., Friborg, T., & Johansson et.al., P. T. (2008). Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems. Ecosystems, 11(8), 1338-1351. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2

Vancouver

Wohlfahrt G, Friborg T, Johansson et.al. PT. Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems. Ecosystems. 2008;11(8):1338-1351. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2

Author

Wohlfahrt, Georg ; Friborg, Thomas ; Johansson et.al., Paul Torbjörn. / Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems. I: Ecosystems. 2008 ; Bind 11, Nr. 8. s. 1338-1351.

Bibtex

@article{9f106690ba3811ddae57000ea68e967b,
title = "Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems",
abstract = "The net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange (NEE) of nine European mountain grassland ecosystems was measured during 2002-2004 using the eddy covariance method. Overall, the availability of photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD) was the single most important abiotic influence factor for NEE. Its role changed markedly during the course of the season, PPFD being a better predictor for NEE during periods favorable for CO2 uptake, which was spring and autumn for the sites characterized by summer droughts (southern sites) and (peak) summer for the Alpine and northern study sites. This general pattern was interrupted by grassland management practices, that is, mowing and grazing, when the variability in NEE explained by PPFD decreased in concert with the amount of aboveground biomass (BMag). Temperature was the abiotic influence factor that explained most of the variability in ecosystem respiration at the Alpine and northern study sites, but not at the southern sites characterized by a pronounced summer drought, where soil water availability and the amount of aboveground biomass were more or equally important. The amount of assimilating plant area was the single most important biotic variable determining the maximum ecosystem carbon uptake potential, that is, the NEE at saturating PPFD. Good correspondence, in terms of the magnitude of NEE, was observed with many (semi-) natural grasslands around the world, but not with grasslands sown on fertile soils in lowland locations, which exhibited higher maximum carbon gains at lower respiratory costs. It is concluded that, through triggering rapid changes in the amount and area of the aboveground plant matter, the timing and frequency of land management practices is crucial for the short-term sensitivity of the NEE of the investigated mountain grassland ecosystems to climatic drivers.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, biotic management controls, abiotic management controls, CO2, biotic, abiotic",
author = "Georg Wohlfahrt and Thomas Friborg and {Johansson et.al.}, {Paul Torbj{\"o}rn}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "1338--1351",
journal = "Ecosystems",
issn = "1432-9840",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grassland ecosystems

AU - Wohlfahrt, Georg

AU - Friborg, Thomas

AU - Johansson et.al., Paul Torbjörn

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange (NEE) of nine European mountain grassland ecosystems was measured during 2002-2004 using the eddy covariance method. Overall, the availability of photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD) was the single most important abiotic influence factor for NEE. Its role changed markedly during the course of the season, PPFD being a better predictor for NEE during periods favorable for CO2 uptake, which was spring and autumn for the sites characterized by summer droughts (southern sites) and (peak) summer for the Alpine and northern study sites. This general pattern was interrupted by grassland management practices, that is, mowing and grazing, when the variability in NEE explained by PPFD decreased in concert with the amount of aboveground biomass (BMag). Temperature was the abiotic influence factor that explained most of the variability in ecosystem respiration at the Alpine and northern study sites, but not at the southern sites characterized by a pronounced summer drought, where soil water availability and the amount of aboveground biomass were more or equally important. The amount of assimilating plant area was the single most important biotic variable determining the maximum ecosystem carbon uptake potential, that is, the NEE at saturating PPFD. Good correspondence, in terms of the magnitude of NEE, was observed with many (semi-) natural grasslands around the world, but not with grasslands sown on fertile soils in lowland locations, which exhibited higher maximum carbon gains at lower respiratory costs. It is concluded that, through triggering rapid changes in the amount and area of the aboveground plant matter, the timing and frequency of land management practices is crucial for the short-term sensitivity of the NEE of the investigated mountain grassland ecosystems to climatic drivers.

AB - The net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange (NEE) of nine European mountain grassland ecosystems was measured during 2002-2004 using the eddy covariance method. Overall, the availability of photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD) was the single most important abiotic influence factor for NEE. Its role changed markedly during the course of the season, PPFD being a better predictor for NEE during periods favorable for CO2 uptake, which was spring and autumn for the sites characterized by summer droughts (southern sites) and (peak) summer for the Alpine and northern study sites. This general pattern was interrupted by grassland management practices, that is, mowing and grazing, when the variability in NEE explained by PPFD decreased in concert with the amount of aboveground biomass (BMag). Temperature was the abiotic influence factor that explained most of the variability in ecosystem respiration at the Alpine and northern study sites, but not at the southern sites characterized by a pronounced summer drought, where soil water availability and the amount of aboveground biomass were more or equally important. The amount of assimilating plant area was the single most important biotic variable determining the maximum ecosystem carbon uptake potential, that is, the NEE at saturating PPFD. Good correspondence, in terms of the magnitude of NEE, was observed with many (semi-) natural grasslands around the world, but not with grasslands sown on fertile soils in lowland locations, which exhibited higher maximum carbon gains at lower respiratory costs. It is concluded that, through triggering rapid changes in the amount and area of the aboveground plant matter, the timing and frequency of land management practices is crucial for the short-term sensitivity of the NEE of the investigated mountain grassland ecosystems to climatic drivers.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - biotic management controls

KW - abiotic management controls

KW - CO2

KW - biotic

KW - abiotic

U2 - 10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2

DO - 10.1007/s10021-008-9196-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

SP - 1338

EP - 1351

JO - Ecosystems

JF - Ecosystems

SN - 1432-9840

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 8746972