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Bone compaction enhances fixation of weightbearing titanium implants

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Implant stability is crucial for implant survival. A new surgical technique, compaction, has increased in vitro implant stability and in vivo fixation of nonweightbearing implants. However, the in vivo effects of compaction on weightbearing implants are unknown. As implants inserted clinically are weightbearing, the effects of compaction on weightbearing implants were examined. The hypothesis was that compaction would increase implant fixation compared with conventional drilling. Porous-coated titanium implants were inserted bilaterally into the weightbearing portion of the femoral condyles of dogs. In each dog, one knee had the implant cavity prepared with drilling, and the other knee was prepared with compaction. Eight dogs were euthanized after 2 weeks, and eight dogs were euthanized after 4 weeks. Femoral condyles from an additional eight dogs represented Time 0. Compacted specimens had higher bone-implant contact and periimplant bone density at 0 and 2 weeks, but not at 4 weeks. A biphasic response of compaction was found with a pushout test, as compaction increased ultimate shear strength and energy absorption at 0 and 4 weeks, but not at 2 weeks. This biphasic response indicates that compaction enhances implant fixation by mechanical and biological mechanisms. Therefore, compaction might have potential value in total joint replacement in the future.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Vol/bind431
Sider (fra-til)138-44
Antal sider7
ISSN0009-921X
StatusUdgivet - 2005
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 252054148