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Bone regeneration in standardized bone defects with autografts or bone substitutes in combination with platelet concentrate: a histologic and histomorphometric study in the mandibles of minipigs

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the addition of platelet concentrate (PC) to autografts or bone substitutes on bone regeneration in standardized bone defects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three standardized bone defects were prepared in both mandibular angles of 12 adult minipigs. The defects were grafted with autograft, anorganic bovine bone, or synthetic beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP). PC was added to only 1 side. The animals were divided into 4 groups, which were sacrificed at 4 different time points (1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks) for histologic and histomorphometric analysis. The concentrations of platelets and growth factors were measured to identify correlation to the histologic and histomorphometric results.

RESULTS: No correlation was found between platelet count in whole blood and platelet count in PC (r(p) = 0.36). Furthermore, no correlation could be demonstrated between the platelet count of the PC and the concentrations of PDGF-AB (r(p) = -0.27) and TGF-beta (r(p) = 0.34). There were no signs of a stimulating effect of PC on bone formation in combination with autografts or bone substitutes at any time point (P = .89). Addition of PC did not alter the pattern of graft degradation.

DISCUSSION: The present study underlines the need for further investigation to identify the optimal concentrations of platelets and combinations of growth factors to achieve a predictable stimulatory effect on bone regeneration. One of the first steps to achieve this goal will be the development of a reliable method for the procurement of PC.

CONCLUSION: PC had no impact on bone formation and graft degradation in standardized bone defects in the mandibles of minipigs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Vol/bind20
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)703-12
Antal sider10
ISSN0882-2786
StatusUdgivet - 9 nov. 2005

ID: 216256257