Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Breastfeeding, breast milk composition, and growth outcomes

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningfagfællebedømt

Breastfed infants have a growth pattern that is different from formula-fed infants, which is regarded as the optimal growth pattern. Breastfed infants increase more in weight, length, and BMI during the first 2-3 months of life and then have a slower growth velocity up to 12 months. They also have a higher accumulation of fat during early infancy. Breastfed infants have lower levels of circulating IGF-I and insulin, which could be part of the explanation of their growth pattern. Many studies and meta-analyses have examined the association between breastfeeding and later obesity. Most find a moderate reduction in the risk of later obesity, but it has been argued that this could be biased due to residual confounding and reverse causation. From studies in low- and middle-income countries randomizing women to breastfeeding promotion, there was only little effect on early growth. Recent studies have found associations between breast milk composition (total fat, protein, human milk oligosaccharides, adiponectin, leptin, and insulin) and growth. However, the studies are few, and the results are inconsistent. More studies, including studies of maternal factors influencing breast milk composition, are needed to better understand how breastfeeding influences current and later growth and thereby short- and long-term health.

TitelRecent Research in Nutrition and Growth
RedaktørerJohn Colombo, Berthold Koletzko, Michelle Lampl
Antal sider15
Udgivelses stedBasel
ISBN (Trykt)978-3-318-06351-6
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-3-318-06352-3
StatusUdgivet - 2018
BegivenhedNestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Varighed: 27 mar. 201729 mar. 2017
Konferencens nummer: 89


WorkshopNestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop
LandUnited Arab Emirates
NavnNestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2018 NEXS 247

ID: 200338914