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Calcium-sensing receptor stimulates PTHrP release by pathways dependent on PKC, p38 MAPK, JNK, and ERK1/2 in H-500 cells

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Elevated extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]o) and other agonists potentially acting via the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) increase parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) release from H-500 Leydig cells. Here, we provide strong evidence for the CaR's involvement by using a dominant negative CaR that attenuates high [Ca2+]o-induced PTHrP release. This effect is likely transcriptional, because high [Ca2+]o upregulates the PTHrP transcript, an effect that is abolished by actinomycin D. Regulation of PTHrP release by the CaR involves activation of PKC as well as ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and JNK pathways. However, we show for the first time that high [Ca2+]o-induced activation of the stress-activated protein kinase SEK1 is PKC independent, because there is an additive effect of a PKC inhibitor in combination with the JNK inhibitor on [Ca2+]o-stimulated PTHrP release. Furthermore, high [Ca2+]o, in a PKC-independent fashion, induces phosphorylation of ERK1/2, SEK1, p38 MAPK, and its downstream transcription factor ATF-2. We conclude that CaR regulation of PTHrP release in H-500 cells involves activation of PKC as well as the ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and JNK pathways.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vol/bind285
Udgave nummer2 48-2
ISSN0193-1849
StatusUdgivet - 1 aug. 2003

ID: 203877807