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Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin

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Standard

Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin. / Omland, Silje Haukali; Wettergren, Erika Elgstrand; Mourier, Tobias; Hansen, Anders Johannes; Asplund, Maria; Mollerup, Sarah; Gniadecki, Robert.

I: BMC Cancer, Bind 17, 675, 07.10.2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Omland, SH, Wettergren, EE, Mourier, T, Hansen, AJ, Asplund, M, Mollerup, S & Gniadecki, R 2017, 'Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin', BMC Cancer, bind 17, 675. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0

APA

Omland, S. H., Wettergren, E. E., Mourier, T., Hansen, A. J., Asplund, M., Mollerup, S., & Gniadecki, R. (2017). Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin. BMC Cancer, 17, [675]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0

Vancouver

Omland SH, Wettergren EE, Mourier T, Hansen AJ, Asplund M, Mollerup S o.a. Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin. BMC Cancer. 2017 okt 7;17. 675. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0

Author

Omland, Silje Haukali ; Wettergren, Erika Elgstrand ; Mourier, Tobias ; Hansen, Anders Johannes ; Asplund, Maria ; Mollerup, Sarah ; Gniadecki, Robert. / Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin. I: BMC Cancer. 2017 ; Bind 17.

Bibtex

@article{82d07f1791cf441893c76311bf50c0aa,
title = "Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin",
abstract = "Background: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the commonest cancer worldwide. BCC is locally invasive and the surrounding stromal microenvironment is pivotal for tumourigenesis. Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in the microenvironment are essential for tumour growth in a variety of neoplasms but their role in BCC is poorly understood. Methods: Material included facial BCC and control skin from the peritumoural area and from the buttocks. With next-generation sequencing (NGS) we compared mRNA expression between BCC and peritumoural skin. qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent staining were performed to validate the NGS results and to investigate CAF-related cyto-and chemokines. Results: NGS revealed upregulation of 65 genes in BCC coding for extracellular matrix components pointing at CAF-related matrix remodeling. qRT-PCR showed increased mRNA expression of CAF markers FAP-α, PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase in BCC. Peritumoural skin (but not buttock skin) also exhibited high expression of PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase but not FAP-α. We found a similar pattern for the CAF-associated chemokines CCL17, CCL18, CCL22, CCL25, CXCL12 and IL6 with high expression in BCC and peritumoural skin but absence in buttock skin. Immunofluorescence revealed correlation between FAP-α and PDGFR-β and CXCL12 and CCL17. Conclusion: Matrix remodeling is the most prominent molecular feature of BCC. CAFs are present within BCC stroma and associated with increased expression of chemokines involved in tumour progression and immunosuppression (CXCL12, CCL17). Fibroblasts from chronically sun-exposed skin near tumours show gene expression patterns resembling that of CAFs, indicating that stromal fibroblasts in cancer-free surgical BCC margins exhibit a tumour promoting phenotype.",
author = "Omland, {Silje Haukali} and Wettergren, {Erika Elgstrand} and Tobias Mourier and Hansen, {Anders Johannes} and Maria Asplund and Sarah Mollerup and Robert Gniadecki",
note = "Correction: https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-018-3987-4",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "B M C Cancer",
issn = "1471-2407",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are activated in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma and in the peritumoural skin

AU - Omland, Silje Haukali

AU - Wettergren, Erika Elgstrand

AU - Mourier, Tobias

AU - Hansen, Anders Johannes

AU - Asplund, Maria

AU - Mollerup, Sarah

AU - Gniadecki, Robert

N1 - Correction: https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-018-3987-4

PY - 2017/10/7

Y1 - 2017/10/7

N2 - Background: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the commonest cancer worldwide. BCC is locally invasive and the surrounding stromal microenvironment is pivotal for tumourigenesis. Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in the microenvironment are essential for tumour growth in a variety of neoplasms but their role in BCC is poorly understood. Methods: Material included facial BCC and control skin from the peritumoural area and from the buttocks. With next-generation sequencing (NGS) we compared mRNA expression between BCC and peritumoural skin. qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent staining were performed to validate the NGS results and to investigate CAF-related cyto-and chemokines. Results: NGS revealed upregulation of 65 genes in BCC coding for extracellular matrix components pointing at CAF-related matrix remodeling. qRT-PCR showed increased mRNA expression of CAF markers FAP-α, PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase in BCC. Peritumoural skin (but not buttock skin) also exhibited high expression of PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase but not FAP-α. We found a similar pattern for the CAF-associated chemokines CCL17, CCL18, CCL22, CCL25, CXCL12 and IL6 with high expression in BCC and peritumoural skin but absence in buttock skin. Immunofluorescence revealed correlation between FAP-α and PDGFR-β and CXCL12 and CCL17. Conclusion: Matrix remodeling is the most prominent molecular feature of BCC. CAFs are present within BCC stroma and associated with increased expression of chemokines involved in tumour progression and immunosuppression (CXCL12, CCL17). Fibroblasts from chronically sun-exposed skin near tumours show gene expression patterns resembling that of CAFs, indicating that stromal fibroblasts in cancer-free surgical BCC margins exhibit a tumour promoting phenotype.

AB - Background: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the commonest cancer worldwide. BCC is locally invasive and the surrounding stromal microenvironment is pivotal for tumourigenesis. Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in the microenvironment are essential for tumour growth in a variety of neoplasms but their role in BCC is poorly understood. Methods: Material included facial BCC and control skin from the peritumoural area and from the buttocks. With next-generation sequencing (NGS) we compared mRNA expression between BCC and peritumoural skin. qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent staining were performed to validate the NGS results and to investigate CAF-related cyto-and chemokines. Results: NGS revealed upregulation of 65 genes in BCC coding for extracellular matrix components pointing at CAF-related matrix remodeling. qRT-PCR showed increased mRNA expression of CAF markers FAP-α, PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase in BCC. Peritumoural skin (but not buttock skin) also exhibited high expression of PDGFR-β and prolyl-4-hydroxylase but not FAP-α. We found a similar pattern for the CAF-associated chemokines CCL17, CCL18, CCL22, CCL25, CXCL12 and IL6 with high expression in BCC and peritumoural skin but absence in buttock skin. Immunofluorescence revealed correlation between FAP-α and PDGFR-β and CXCL12 and CCL17. Conclusion: Matrix remodeling is the most prominent molecular feature of BCC. CAFs are present within BCC stroma and associated with increased expression of chemokines involved in tumour progression and immunosuppression (CXCL12, CCL17). Fibroblasts from chronically sun-exposed skin near tumours show gene expression patterns resembling that of CAFs, indicating that stromal fibroblasts in cancer-free surgical BCC margins exhibit a tumour promoting phenotype.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030679027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0

DO - 10.1186/s12885-017-3663-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28987144

AN - SCOPUS:85030679027

VL - 17

JO - B M C Cancer

JF - B M C Cancer

SN - 1471-2407

M1 - 675

ER -

ID: 185411179