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cDNA cloning, mRNA distribution and heterogeneity, chromosomal location, and RFLP analysis of human osteopontin (OPN)

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • M F Young
  • J M Kerr
  • J D Termine
  • Wewer, Ulla M.
  • M G Wang
  • O W McBride
  • L W Fisher
A human osteopontin (OP) cDNA was isolated from a library made from primary cultures of human bone cells. The distribution of osteopontin mRNA in human tissues was investigated by Northern analysis and showed that the human message was predominant in cultures of bone cells and in decidua cells isolated at 6-12 weeks of gestation. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed that OP expression is high in decidua cells as well as in the endometrial glands of a non-pregnant secretory-phase human uterus. Two variants of the OP message were evident on the basis of DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction amplification of bone and decidua cell mRNA. The peptides potentially translated by the variant messages differ by the presence (OP1b) or absence (OP1a) of 14 amino acids at residue 58 of the molecule. The deduced human protein sequence shows a conservation between species in the position of the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) cell attachment site. Chromosomal mapping of the osteopontin gene (OPN) using human-rodent cell hybrids demonstrated a location on chromosome 4 in the human genome. In situ hybridization of metaphase chromosomes using radiolabeled OP1a as a probe indicated that the gene is located on a region of 4q that is near the centromere. A high-frequency restriction fragment length polymorphism was evident in the DNA from 29 unrelated individuals using the enzyme BglII. Analysis of total genomic DNA by digestion with several restriction enzymes, Southern blotting, and hybridization with the human osteopontin cDNA indicated that the gene is a single copy with an approximate length of 5.4-8.2 kb.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGenomics
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)491-502
Antal sider12
ISSN0888-7543
StatusUdgivet - 1 aug. 1990

ID: 34326256