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Change in pulse pressure/stroke index in response to sustained blood pressure reduction and its impact on left ventricular mass and geometry changes: the life study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • V. Palmieri
  • J.N. Bella
  • E. Gerdts
  • K. Wachtell
  • V. Papademetriou
  • M.S. Nieminen
  • B. Dahlof
  • R.B. Devereux
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional data in hypertensive subjects, brachial pulse pressure (PP)/Doppler stroke index (SVi), (PP/SVi) correlates weakly but significantly with left ventricular (LV) mass and relative wall thickness (RWT). METHODS: In the Losartan Intervention For End-point reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, we evaluated the impact of antihypertensive treatment on change of PP/SVi as raw indicator of systemic arterial stiffness, and further explored the impact of the change in PP/SVi on the change in LV mass and RWT. RESULTS: Compared to baseline, mean PP/SVi reduction was -13% at year 1, -15% at year 2, and -16% at year 3 follow-up, and was sustained through year 4 and year 5 follow-ups; change in PP/SVi was related to increased SVi and decreased PP during the annual follow-ups, but not to LV mass change. Restricting analyses to the first two follow-ups to ensure highest statistical power, age >65 and diabetes were associated with higher PP/SVi at baseline and throughout follow-ups; black participants and women had baseline PP/SVi mean values comparable with those of their counterparts, showed blunted PP/SVi reduction after 1 year, but differences became smaller and not statistically significant at year 2 follow-up. Losartan- or atenolol-based treatments were associated with comparable reduction of PP/SVi. At year 2 follow-up, reduced PP/SVi was associated with greater reductions in mean blood pressure (BP) and heart rate and greater increase in SVi, but not with lower LV mass; RWT was lower with lower PP/SVi at year 2 follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction in PP/SVi by long-term antihypertensive treatment did not have significant impact on change in LV mass index, but correlated with LV remodeling toward eccentric geometry
Udgivelsesdato: 2008/6
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Vol/bind21
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)701-707
Antal sider6
ISSN0895-7061
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2008

ID: 10210393