Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Change of choline compounds in sodium selenite-induced apoptosis of rats used as quantitative analysis by in vitro 9.4T MR spectroscopy

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  • Zhen Cao
  • Lin-Ping Wu
  • Yun-Xia Li
  • Yu-Bo Guo
  • Yao-Wen Chen
  • Ren-Hua Wu
  • Linping Wu

AIM: To study liver cell apoptosis caused by the toxicity of selenium and observe the alteration of choline compounds using in vitro 9.4T high resolution magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

METHODS: Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups. The rats in the treatment group were intraperitoneally injected with sodium selenite and the control group with distilled water. All rats were sacrificed and the livers were dissected. (1)H-MRS data were collected using in vitro 9.4T high resolution magnetic resonance spectrometer. Spectra were processed using XWINNMR and MestRe-c 4.3. HE and TUNEL staining was employed to detect and confirm the change of liver cells.

RESULTS: Good (1)H-MR spectra of perchloric acid extract from liver tissue of rats were obtained. The conventional metabolites were detected and assigned. Concentrations of different ingredient choline compounds in treatment group vs control group were as follows: total choline compounds, 5.08 +/- 0.97 mmol/L vs 3.81 +/- 1.16 mmol/L (P = 0.05); and free choline, 1.07 +/- 0.23 mmol/L vs 0.65 +/- 0.20 mmol/L (P = 0.00). However, there was no statistical significance between the two groups. The hepatic sinus and cellular structure of hepatic cells in treatment group were abnormal. Apoptosis of hepatic cells was confirmed by TUNEL assay.

CONCLUSION: High dose selenium compounds can cause the rat liver lesion and induce cell apoptosis in vivo. High resolution (1)H-MRS in vitro can detect diversified metabolism. The changing trend for different ingredient of choline compounds is not completely the same at early period of apoptosis.

TidsskriftWorld journal of gastroenterology : WJG
Udgave nummer24
Sider (fra-til)3891-6
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 28 jun. 2008

ID: 123471454