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Characterization and immunohistochemical localization of rat salivary cobalamin-binding protein and comparison with human salivary haptocorrin

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Rat saliva contains a cobalamin-binding protein that binds cobalamin as well as cobinamide. The protein binds cobalamin with an affinity constant of 8 X 10(10) l X mol-1, and it binds cobalamin over a more narrow pH range (pH 7.5-10) than does human haptocorrin. It has a Stokes radius of 2.45 nm as compared to the Stokes radius of 4.50 nm for human haptocorrin. Upon isoelectricfocusing it dissociates into four strong bands with pI between 7 and 8, while human haptocorrin dissociates into acid isoproteins. Since human haptocorrin binds to concanavalin A while rat haptocorrin does not, we suggest that rat haptocorrin lacks carbohydrate. The substance concentration of rat saliva haptocorrin is 0.04-12.9 nmol X l-1 (median 7.5 nmol X l-1, n = 9) for control animals. After stimulation with isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic agent, the substance concentration is 46.4-96.6 nmol X l-1 (median 69.7 nmol X l-1, n = 8). Immunohistochemical studies show haptocorrin in the secretory acini of the submandibular and parotid glands of the rat. In the human submandibular gland, the protein is detected both in the mucous secretory acini and in the intercalated ducts.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBBA General Subjects
Vol/bind838
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)264-9
Antal sider6
ISSN0304-4165
StatusUdgivet - 15 feb. 1985

ID: 47489093