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Characterization of low-glycosylated forms of soluble human urokinase receptor expressed in Drosophila Schneider 2 cells after deletion of glycosylation-sites

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The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a glycolipid-anchored membrane protein that is thought to play an active role during cancer cell invasion and metastasis. We have expressed a truncated soluble form of human uPAR using its native signal peptide in stably transfected Drosophila Schneider 2 (S2) cells. This recombinant product, denoted suPAR (residues 1-283), is secreted in high quantities in serum-free medium and can be isolated in very high purity. Characterization by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry reveals that suPAR produced in this system carries a uniform glycosylation composed of biantennary carbohydrates. In contrast, suPAR produced in stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells carries predominantly complex-type glycosylation and exhibits in addition a site-specific microheterogeneity of the individual N-linked carbohydrates. Measurement of binding kinetics for the interaction with uPA by surface plasmon resonance reveals that S2-produced suPAR exhibits binding properties similar to those of suPAR produced by CHO cells. By site-directed mutagenesis we have furthermore removed the five potential N-linked glycosylation-sites either individually or in various combinations and studied the effect thereof on secretion and ligand-binding. Only suPAR completely deprived of N-linked glycosylation exhibits an impaired level of secretion. All the other mutants showed comparable secretion levels and retained the ligand-binding properties of suPAR-wt. In conclusion, stable expression of suPAR in Drosophila S2 cells offers a convenient and attractive method for the large scale production of homogeneous preparations of several uPAR mutants, which may be required for future attempts to solve the three-dimensional structure of uPAR by X-ray crystallography.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProtein Expression and Purification
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)284-295
Antal sider12
ISSN1046-5928
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2004

ID: 178216120