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Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark

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Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark. / Primeau, C.; Homøe, P.; Lynnerup, N.

I: HOMO, Bind 69, Nr. 1-2, 01.03.2018, s. 6-16.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Primeau, C, Homøe, P & Lynnerup, N 2018, 'Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark', HOMO, bind 69, nr. 1-2, s. 6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004

APA

Primeau, C., Homøe, P., & Lynnerup, N. (2018). Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark. HOMO, 69(1-2), 6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004

Vancouver

Primeau C, Homøe P, Lynnerup N. Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark. HOMO. 2018 mar 1;69(1-2):6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004

Author

Primeau, C. ; Homøe, P. ; Lynnerup, N. / Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark. I: HOMO. 2018 ; Bind 69, Nr. 1-2. s. 6-16.

Bibtex

@article{268ab4eb659f4468988b2d0c81dfd22b,
title = "Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark",
abstract = "This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. A total of 291 adult skeletons from an urban (n = 109) and a rural (n = 182) cemetery, from the Danish medieval period (1050–1536 CE) were included. The markers were examined for their co-occurrence, and differences between the two samples. No statistically significant difference for the three skeletal markers between the two samples was found. A trend was nevertheless apparent, with greater frequencies for all three skeletal markers for the urban population. A statistically significant relationship was found only between IMED and HL. This positive relation was very low (rɸ = 0.307, 0.275) and may be considered non-existent. The lack of co-occurrence is interpreted as if an individual was exposed to conditions that could cause the osteological expression of all three markers this could be a life-threatening health condition, during developing years.",
keywords = "CT images, Harris lines, Infectious middle ear disease, Linear enamel hypoplasia",
author = "C. Primeau and P. Hom{\o}e and N. Lynnerup",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "6--16",
journal = "HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology",
issn = "0018-442X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood health as reflected in adult urban and rural samples from medieval Denmark

AU - Primeau, C.

AU - Homøe, P.

AU - Lynnerup, N.

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. A total of 291 adult skeletons from an urban (n = 109) and a rural (n = 182) cemetery, from the Danish medieval period (1050–1536 CE) were included. The markers were examined for their co-occurrence, and differences between the two samples. No statistically significant difference for the three skeletal markers between the two samples was found. A trend was nevertheless apparent, with greater frequencies for all three skeletal markers for the urban population. A statistically significant relationship was found only between IMED and HL. This positive relation was very low (rɸ = 0.307, 0.275) and may be considered non-existent. The lack of co-occurrence is interpreted as if an individual was exposed to conditions that could cause the osteological expression of all three markers this could be a life-threatening health condition, during developing years.

AB - This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. A total of 291 adult skeletons from an urban (n = 109) and a rural (n = 182) cemetery, from the Danish medieval period (1050–1536 CE) were included. The markers were examined for their co-occurrence, and differences between the two samples. No statistically significant difference for the three skeletal markers between the two samples was found. A trend was nevertheless apparent, with greater frequencies for all three skeletal markers for the urban population. A statistically significant relationship was found only between IMED and HL. This positive relation was very low (rɸ = 0.307, 0.275) and may be considered non-existent. The lack of co-occurrence is interpreted as if an individual was exposed to conditions that could cause the osteological expression of all three markers this could be a life-threatening health condition, during developing years.

KW - CT images

KW - Harris lines

KW - Infectious middle ear disease

KW - Linear enamel hypoplasia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046347525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jchb.2018.03.004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29724408

AN - SCOPUS:85046347525

VL - 69

SP - 6

EP - 16

JO - HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology

JF - HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology

SN - 0018-442X

IS - 1-2

ER -

ID: 203553467