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CHST6 mutations identified in Iranian MCD patients and CHST6 mutations reported worldwide identify targets for gene editing approaches including the CRISPR/Cas system

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

PURPOSE: To identify CHST6 mutations in Iranians macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) patients and also to assess distribution of amino acids in the encoded protein that are affected by CHST6 mutations reported hitherto in various populations in order to predict gene regions that may be appropriate targets for gene editing approaches including the CRISPR/Cas system. The analysis will also reveal biologically and functionally important regions of the protein.

METHODS: Mutation screening of CHST6 by sequencing was performed on 21 Iranian MCD-affected probands. Previously reported MCD causing CHST6 mutations were identified by searches in NCBI.

RESULTS: Nineteen CHST6 mutations were found among the 21 Iranian patients, most of which were missense mutations and six of which were novel. Totally, 189 mutations among 375 MCD patients have been found worldwide, and 134 of these are missense mutations. The distribution of 88 amino acids affected by missense mutations along the length of the encoded protein was not random, and four regions of possible mutation clustering were noted. 25% of patients harbored mutations in a DNA region consisting of only 36 nucleotides.

CONCLUSION: Similar to most populations, CHST6 mutations among Iranians are very heterogeneous as indicated by finding 19 different mutations among 21 MCD patients. Nevertheless, identification of four potential mutation clusters identifies regions that are most suitable for gene therapy targeting by the CRISPR/Cas approach. Additionally, the mutation clusters identify regions with potential structural and/or functional importance. Consistent with this, the amino acids in these regions are well conserved among various membrane-bound sulfotransferases.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Ophthalmology
ISSN0165-5701
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 29 maj 2020

ID: 242358438