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Clinical impact of ' in-treatment' wall motion abnormalities in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • S. Cicala
  • G. de Simone
  • K. Wachtell
  • E. Gerdts
  • K. Boman
  • M.S. Nieminen
  • B. Dahlof
  • R.B. Devereux
Objectives Left ventricular systolic wall motion abnormalities have prognostic value. Whether wall motion detected by serial echocardiographic examinations predicts prognosis in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy ( LVH) without clinically recognized atherosclerotic disease has, however, never been investigated. We examined whether 'in- treatment' wall motion abnormalities predicted outcome in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint ( LIFE) reduction in hypertension echocardiographic substudy. Methods We studied 749 patients without coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction ( MI), or stroke history. Echocardiographic segmental wall motion abnormalities at baseline and annual re-evaluations (' as time- varying covariate') were examined in relation to endpoints ( cardiovascular mortality, MI, stroke, and hospitalized heart failure). Adjusted Cox regression was used to analyze the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke and, separately, for fatal and nonfatal MI and hospitalized heart failure. Results During a mean follow-up of 4.8 years, an event was recorded in 67 ( 9%) patients. In Cox models after adjusting for age, gender, treatment, blood pressure lowering, and serial change of left ventricular mass index, ' in-treatment' segmental wall motion abnormalities were associated with subsequent composite endpoint [ hazard ratio =2.1, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.1-3.8; P=0.019] and MI [ hazard ratio =3.7 ( 1.5 - 8.9); P=0.004]. Conclusion In hypertensive patients with LVH and no history of cardiovascular disease, ' in- treatment' left ventricular wall motion abnormalities are associated with increased likelihood of subsequent cardiovascular events independent of age, gender, blood pressure lowering, treatment modality, and in- treatment left ventricular mass index
Udgivelsesdato: 2008/4
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Hypertension
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)806-812
Antal sider6
ISSN0263-6352
StatusUdgivet - 2008

Bibliografisk note

Times Cited: 1ArticleEnglishDevereux, R. BWeill Cornell Med Coll, Div Cardiol, 525 E 68th St, New York, NY 10021 USACited References Count: 31287PVLIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USAPHILADELPHIA

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