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Clinical manifestations of gadodiamide-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • P. Marckmann
  • L. Skov
  • K. Rossen
  • H.S. Thomsen
Aims: To further characterize the clinical signs and symptoms of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, a new and serious disease affecting renal failure patients an caused by some Gd-containing contrast agents, including gadodiamide. Material: 22 cases of gadodiamide-related nephrogenic systemic fibrosis followed at the nephrology department of Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev. Method: Retrospective cohort study based on medical records, personal interviews and physical examinations. Results: Typical first signs of the disease were skin discoloration, induration and warmth, itching, constant pain and other neuropathic symptoms localized to the lower legs. First sign appeared in a median of 14 days (range 0 - 53 days) after gadodiamide exposure. Associated early symptoms included sleeplessness and transient, diffuse hair loss. The predominant late symptom was symmetrical skin stiffness of extremities with or without restricted joint motion. Ten of 22 patients (45, 95% CI: 27 - 66%) were severely disabled due to contractures on the average of 29 months after being exposed to gadodiamide. Four patients died (18, 95% CI: 6 - 4 1). Patients perceived that intensive physiotherapy was effective in limiting disabling contractures. Conclusions: Signs and symptoms of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis vary over time and between patients. The disease leads to severe disability in a significant proportion of affected patients. Intensive physiotherapy may limit the development of contractures
Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Nephrology
Vol/bind69
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)161-168
Antal sider7
ISSN0301-0430
StatusUdgivet - 2008

Bibliografisk note

Times Cited: 2ArticleEnglishMarckmann, PCopenhagen Univ Hosp, Dept Nephrol, DK-2730 Herlev, DenmarkCited References Count: 21279ZCDUSTRI-VERLAG DR KARL FEISTLEBAHNHOFSTRASSE 9 POSTFACH 49, D-82032 DEISENHOFEN-MUENCHEN, GERMANYDEISENHOFEN-MUENCHEN

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