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Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects : A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. / Andersen, Jakob Hessel; Jaeger, Pia; Sonne, Tobias Laier; Dahl, Jørgen Berg; Mathiesen, Ole; Grevstad, Ulrik.

I: PLOS ONE, Bind 12, Nr. 9, e0181351, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Andersen, JH, Jaeger, P, Sonne, TL, Dahl, JB, Mathiesen, O & Grevstad, U 2017, 'Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers', PLOS ONE, bind 12, nr. 9, e0181351. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181351

APA

Andersen, J. H., Jaeger, P., Sonne, T. L., Dahl, J. B., Mathiesen, O., & Grevstad, U. (2017). Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. PLOS ONE, 12(9), [e0181351]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181351

Vancouver

Andersen JH, Jaeger P, Sonne TL, Dahl JB, Mathiesen O, Grevstad U. Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. PLOS ONE. 2017;12(9). e0181351. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181351

Author

Andersen, Jakob Hessel ; Jaeger, Pia ; Sonne, Tobias Laier ; Dahl, Jørgen Berg ; Mathiesen, Ole ; Grevstad, Ulrik. / Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects : A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. I: PLOS ONE. 2017 ; Bind 12, Nr. 9.

Bibtex

@article{c2db719994424894bc5a16aee362ad5f,
title = "Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine have been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks. The mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized, that clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine extends the duration of an adductor canal block (ACB) by a peripheral mechanism, compared to ropivacaine alone when controlling for systemic effects.METHODS: We conducted a paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. Participants received bilateral ACBs containing 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5{\%} + 1 ml clonidine 150μg/ml in one leg and 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5{\%} + 1 ml saline in the other leg. The primary outcome measure was duration of sensory block assessed by temperature sensation (alcohol swab). Secondary outcome measures were duration of sensory block assessed by: pinprick, maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, warmth detection threshold and heat pain detection threshold.RESULTS: We enrolled 21 volunteers and all completed the trial. There was no difference in duration of sensory block assessed with an alcohol swab: Mean duration in the leg receiving ropivacaine + clonidine was 19.4h (SD 2.7) compared to 19.3h (SD 2.4) in the leg receiving ropivacaine + placebo with a mean difference of 0.1h (95{\%} CI: -1.0 to 1.3), P = 0.83. No differences in block duration were detected when assessed by: Pinprick, mean difference 0.0 h (95{\%} CI: -1.3 to 1.3), maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, mean difference -0.7 h (95{\%} CI: -2.1 to 0.8), warmth detection threshold, mean difference -0.1 h (95{\%} CI: -1.8 to 1.6) or heat pain detection threshold, mean difference -0.2 h (95{\%} CI: -1.7 to 1.4).CONCLUSIONS: Administering clonidine perineurally as an adjuvant to ropivacaine in an ACB did not prolong the duration of sensory block in a setup controlling for systemic effects of clonidine.",
keywords = "Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic/therapeutic use, Adult, Amides/administration & dosage, Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage, Clonidine/administration & dosage, Double-Blind Method, Drug Therapy, Combination, Female, Healthy Volunteers, Hemodynamics/drug effects, Humans, Male, Nerve Block/methods, Pain Threshold, Peripheral Nerves/drug effects, Young Adult",
author = "Andersen, {Jakob Hessel} and Pia Jaeger and Sonne, {Tobias Laier} and Dahl, {J{\o}rgen Berg} and Ole Mathiesen and Ulrik Grevstad",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0181351",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects

T2 - A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers

AU - Andersen, Jakob Hessel

AU - Jaeger, Pia

AU - Sonne, Tobias Laier

AU - Dahl, Jørgen Berg

AU - Mathiesen, Ole

AU - Grevstad, Ulrik

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BACKGROUND: Clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine have been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks. The mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized, that clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine extends the duration of an adductor canal block (ACB) by a peripheral mechanism, compared to ropivacaine alone when controlling for systemic effects.METHODS: We conducted a paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. Participants received bilateral ACBs containing 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5% + 1 ml clonidine 150μg/ml in one leg and 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5% + 1 ml saline in the other leg. The primary outcome measure was duration of sensory block assessed by temperature sensation (alcohol swab). Secondary outcome measures were duration of sensory block assessed by: pinprick, maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, warmth detection threshold and heat pain detection threshold.RESULTS: We enrolled 21 volunteers and all completed the trial. There was no difference in duration of sensory block assessed with an alcohol swab: Mean duration in the leg receiving ropivacaine + clonidine was 19.4h (SD 2.7) compared to 19.3h (SD 2.4) in the leg receiving ropivacaine + placebo with a mean difference of 0.1h (95% CI: -1.0 to 1.3), P = 0.83. No differences in block duration were detected when assessed by: Pinprick, mean difference 0.0 h (95% CI: -1.3 to 1.3), maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, mean difference -0.7 h (95% CI: -2.1 to 0.8), warmth detection threshold, mean difference -0.1 h (95% CI: -1.8 to 1.6) or heat pain detection threshold, mean difference -0.2 h (95% CI: -1.7 to 1.4).CONCLUSIONS: Administering clonidine perineurally as an adjuvant to ropivacaine in an ACB did not prolong the duration of sensory block in a setup controlling for systemic effects of clonidine.

AB - BACKGROUND: Clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine have been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks. The mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized, that clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine extends the duration of an adductor canal block (ACB) by a peripheral mechanism, compared to ropivacaine alone when controlling for systemic effects.METHODS: We conducted a paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. Participants received bilateral ACBs containing 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5% + 1 ml clonidine 150μg/ml in one leg and 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5% + 1 ml saline in the other leg. The primary outcome measure was duration of sensory block assessed by temperature sensation (alcohol swab). Secondary outcome measures were duration of sensory block assessed by: pinprick, maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, warmth detection threshold and heat pain detection threshold.RESULTS: We enrolled 21 volunteers and all completed the trial. There was no difference in duration of sensory block assessed with an alcohol swab: Mean duration in the leg receiving ropivacaine + clonidine was 19.4h (SD 2.7) compared to 19.3h (SD 2.4) in the leg receiving ropivacaine + placebo with a mean difference of 0.1h (95% CI: -1.0 to 1.3), P = 0.83. No differences in block duration were detected when assessed by: Pinprick, mean difference 0.0 h (95% CI: -1.3 to 1.3), maximum pain during tonic heat stimulation, mean difference -0.7 h (95% CI: -2.1 to 0.8), warmth detection threshold, mean difference -0.1 h (95% CI: -1.8 to 1.6) or heat pain detection threshold, mean difference -0.2 h (95% CI: -1.7 to 1.4).CONCLUSIONS: Administering clonidine perineurally as an adjuvant to ropivacaine in an ACB did not prolong the duration of sensory block in a setup controlling for systemic effects of clonidine.

KW - Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic/therapeutic use

KW - Adult

KW - Amides/administration & dosage

KW - Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage

KW - Clonidine/administration & dosage

KW - Double-Blind Method

KW - Drug Therapy, Combination

KW - Female

KW - Healthy Volunteers

KW - Hemodynamics/drug effects

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Nerve Block/methods

KW - Pain Threshold

KW - Peripheral Nerves/drug effects

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181351

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181351

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28880902

VL - 12

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 9

M1 - e0181351

ER -

ID: 195296609