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Collagen dissolution by keratinocytes requires cell surface plasminogen activation and matrix metalloproteinase activity

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Sarah Netzel-Arnett
  • David J Mitola
  • Susan S Yamada
  • Kali Chrysovergis
  • Holmbeck, Kenn
  • Henning Birkedal-Hansen
  • Thomas H Bugge

Matrix metalloproteinase-14 is required for degradation of fibrillar collagen by mesenchymal cells. Here we show that keratinocytes use an alternative plasminogen and matrix metalloproteinase-13-dependent pathway for dissolution of collagen fibrils. Primary keratinocytes displayed an absolute requirement for serum to dissolve collagen. Dissolution of collagen was abolished in plasminogen-depleted serum and could be restored by the exogenous addition of plasminogen. Both plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase blocked collagen dissolution, demonstrating the requirement of both plasminogen activation and matrix metalloproteinase activity for degradation. Cell surface plasmin activity was critical for the degradation process as aprotinin, but not alpha(2)-antiplasmin, prevented collagen dissolution. Keratinocytes with single deficiencies in either urokinase or tissue plasminogen activator retained the ability to dissolve collagen. However, collagen fibril dissolution was abolished in keratinocytes with a combined deficiency in both urokinase and tissue plasminogen activator. Combined, but not single, urokinase and tissue plasminogen activator deficiency also completely blocked the activation of the fibrillar collagenase, matrix metalloproteinase-13, by keratinocytes. The activation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 in normal keratinocytes was prevented by plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and aprotinin but not by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and -2, suggesting that plasmin activates matrix metalloproteinase-13 directly. We propose that plasminogen activation facilitates keratinocyte-mediated collagen breakdown via the direct activation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 and possibly other fibrillar collagenases.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Vol/bind277
Udgave nummer47
Sider (fra-til)45154-61
Antal sider8
ISSN0021-9258
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22 nov. 2002

ID: 201164678