Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Combining isotopically non-stationary metabolic flux analysis with proteomics to unravel the regulation of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

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Photosynthetic microorganisms are increasingly being investigated as a sustainable alternative to existing bio-industrial processes, converting CO2 into desirable end products without the use of carbohydrate feedstock. The Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle is the main pathway of carbon fixation metabolism in photosynthetic organisms. In this study, we analyzed the metabolic fluxes in two strains of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (Synechocystis) that overexpressed fructose-1,6/sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (FBP/SBPase) and transketolase (TK), respectively. These two potential carbon flux control enzymes in the CBB cycle had previously been shown to improve biomass accumulation when overexpressed under air and low light (15 μmol m−2 s−1) conditions (Liang and Lindblad, 2016). We measured the growth rates of Synechocystis under atmospheric and high (3% v/v) CO2 conditions at 80 μmol m−2 s−1. Surprisingly, the cells overexpressing transketolase (tktA) demonstrated no significant increase in growth rates when CO2 was increased, suggesting an altered carbon flux distribution and a potential metabolic bottleneck in carbon fixation. Moreover, the tktA strain had an increased susceptibility to oxidative stress under high light as revealed by its chlorotic phenotype under high light conditions. In contrast, the fructose-1,6/sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (70glpX) and wild-type cells demonstrated increases in growth rates as expected. To investigate the disparate phenotypical responses of these different Synechocystis strains, isotopically non-stationary metabolic flux analysis (INST-MFA) was used to estimate the carbon flux distribution of tktA, 70glpX, and a kanamycin-resistant control (Km), under atmospheric conditions. In addition, untargeted label-free proteomics, which can detect changes in relative enzymatic abundance, was employed to study the possible effects caused by overexpressing each enzyme. Fluxomic and proteomic results indicated a decrease in oxidative pentose phosphate pathway activity when either FBP/SBPase or TK were overexpressed, resulting in increased carbon fixation efficiency. These results are an example of the integration of multiple omic-level experimental techniques and can be used to guide future metabolic engineering efforts to improve performances and efficiencies.

TidsskriftMetabolic Engineering
Sider (fra-til)77-84
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2019

ID: 227569856