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Crystal structure of the human beta2 adrenergic G-protein-coupled receptor

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  • Rasmussen, Søren Gøgsig Faarup
  • Hee-Jung Choi
  • Daniel M Rosenbaum
  • Tong Sun Kobilka
  • Foon Sun Thian
  • Patricia C Edwards
  • Manfred Burghammer
  • Venkata R P Ratnala
  • Ruslan Sanishvili
  • Robert F Fischetti
  • Gebhard F X Schertler
  • William I Weis
  • Brian K Kobilka

Structural analysis of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) for hormones and neurotransmitters has been hindered by their low natural abundance, inherent structural flexibility, and instability in detergent solutions. Here we report a structure of the human beta2 adrenoceptor (beta2AR), which was crystallized in a lipid environment when bound to an inverse agonist and in complex with a Fab that binds to the third intracellular loop. Diffraction data were obtained by high-brilliance microcrystallography and the structure determined at 3.4 A/3.7 A resolution. The cytoplasmic ends of the beta2AR transmembrane segments and the connecting loops are well resolved, whereas the extracellular regions of the beta2AR are not seen. The beta2AR structure differs from rhodopsin in having weaker interactions between the cytoplasmic ends of transmembrane (TM)3 and TM6, involving the conserved E/DRY sequences. These differences may be responsible for the relatively high basal activity and structural instability of the beta2AR, and contribute to the challenges in obtaining diffraction-quality crystals of non-rhodopsin GPCRs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature
Vol/bind450
Udgave nummer7168
Sider (fra-til)383-7
Antal sider5
ISSN0028-0836
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 nov. 2007

ID: 120588937