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Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison)

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Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison). / Birch, Julie Melsted; Agger, Jens Frederik; Aalbæk, Bent; Struve, Tina; Hammer, Anne Sofie; Jensen, Henrik Elvang.

I: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, Bind 60, 73, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Birch, JM, Agger, JF, Aalbæk, B, Struve, T, Hammer, AS & Jensen, HE 2018, 'Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison)', Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, bind 60, 73. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z

APA

Birch, J. M., Agger, J. F., Aalbæk, B., Struve, T., Hammer, A. S., & Jensen, H. E. (2018). Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 60, [73]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z

Vancouver

Birch JM, Agger JF, Aalbæk B, Struve T, Hammer AS, Jensen HE. Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2018;60. 73. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z

Author

Birch, Julie Melsted ; Agger, Jens Frederik ; Aalbæk, Bent ; Struve, Tina ; Hammer, Anne Sofie ; Jensen, Henrik Elvang. / Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison). I: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2018 ; Bind 60.

Bibtex

@article{d508144c03834c71a815d165ec932a0b,
title = "Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison)",
abstract = "BackgroundPre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as “sticky kits”, is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. The present study was conducted from May to June 2015 and included 70 dams with mink litters with and without PWD. The aims were to examine associations between PWD and mastitis (bacterial infection and histological signs of inflammation or other lesions in the mammary gland), and to examine associations between PWD and other dam-related characteristics (age, litter size, body mass index, and weight and number of active mammary glands of the dam).ResultsUsing multivariable mixed logistic regression analyses with farm id as a random intercept, we found that the odds for PWD in the litter were significantly higher in 1 year old dams versus > 1 year old (OR = 13.3, CI 2.0–90.2, P = 0.01), higher if litter size observed after birth was > 5 kits versus ≤ 5 kits (OR = 16.5, CI 2.2–123.7, P = 0.01), higher if the number of active mammary glands per kit was ≤ 1.5 versus > 1.5 glands per kit (OR = 6.5, CI 1.2–36.0), P = 0.03), and higher in farms with high prevalence of PWD versus low prevalence (OR = 16.8, CI 2.9–97.6, P = 0.002). There were no significant associations between PWD and bacterial infection, histological signs of inflammation or other lesions of the mammary gland, body mass index or weight of mammary gland per kit.ConclusionPre-weaning diarrhea had a statistically significant association with age of the dam, litter size and the number of active mammary glands per kit. However, PWD was not associated with mastitis, body mass index and weight of mammary gland tissue per kit.",
author = "Birch, {Julie Melsted} and Agger, {Jens Frederik} and Bent Aalb{\ae}k and Tina Struve and Hammer, {Anne Sofie} and Jensen, {Henrik Elvang}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
journal = "Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)",
issn = "0044-605X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dam characteristics associated with pre-weaning diarrhea in mink (Neovison vison)

AU - Birch, Julie Melsted

AU - Agger, Jens Frederik

AU - Aalbæk, Bent

AU - Struve, Tina

AU - Hammer, Anne Sofie

AU - Jensen, Henrik Elvang

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BackgroundPre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as “sticky kits”, is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. The present study was conducted from May to June 2015 and included 70 dams with mink litters with and without PWD. The aims were to examine associations between PWD and mastitis (bacterial infection and histological signs of inflammation or other lesions in the mammary gland), and to examine associations between PWD and other dam-related characteristics (age, litter size, body mass index, and weight and number of active mammary glands of the dam).ResultsUsing multivariable mixed logistic regression analyses with farm id as a random intercept, we found that the odds for PWD in the litter were significantly higher in 1 year old dams versus > 1 year old (OR = 13.3, CI 2.0–90.2, P = 0.01), higher if litter size observed after birth was > 5 kits versus ≤ 5 kits (OR = 16.5, CI 2.2–123.7, P = 0.01), higher if the number of active mammary glands per kit was ≤ 1.5 versus > 1.5 glands per kit (OR = 6.5, CI 1.2–36.0), P = 0.03), and higher in farms with high prevalence of PWD versus low prevalence (OR = 16.8, CI 2.9–97.6, P = 0.002). There were no significant associations between PWD and bacterial infection, histological signs of inflammation or other lesions of the mammary gland, body mass index or weight of mammary gland per kit.ConclusionPre-weaning diarrhea had a statistically significant association with age of the dam, litter size and the number of active mammary glands per kit. However, PWD was not associated with mastitis, body mass index and weight of mammary gland tissue per kit.

AB - BackgroundPre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as “sticky kits”, is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. The present study was conducted from May to June 2015 and included 70 dams with mink litters with and without PWD. The aims were to examine associations between PWD and mastitis (bacterial infection and histological signs of inflammation or other lesions in the mammary gland), and to examine associations between PWD and other dam-related characteristics (age, litter size, body mass index, and weight and number of active mammary glands of the dam).ResultsUsing multivariable mixed logistic regression analyses with farm id as a random intercept, we found that the odds for PWD in the litter were significantly higher in 1 year old dams versus > 1 year old (OR = 13.3, CI 2.0–90.2, P = 0.01), higher if litter size observed after birth was > 5 kits versus ≤ 5 kits (OR = 16.5, CI 2.2–123.7, P = 0.01), higher if the number of active mammary glands per kit was ≤ 1.5 versus > 1.5 glands per kit (OR = 6.5, CI 1.2–36.0), P = 0.03), and higher in farms with high prevalence of PWD versus low prevalence (OR = 16.8, CI 2.9–97.6, P = 0.002). There were no significant associations between PWD and bacterial infection, histological signs of inflammation or other lesions of the mammary gland, body mass index or weight of mammary gland per kit.ConclusionPre-weaning diarrhea had a statistically significant association with age of the dam, litter size and the number of active mammary glands per kit. However, PWD was not associated with mastitis, body mass index and weight of mammary gland tissue per kit.

U2 - 10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z

DO - 10.1186/s13028-018-0427-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30419935

VL - 60

JO - Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)

JF - Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)

SN - 0044-605X

M1 - 73

ER -

ID: 208857563